Effects of Laser Source Parameters on the Generation of Narrow Band and Directed Laser Ultrasound

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1992
Authors
Spicer, James
Deaton, John
Wagner, James
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Altmetrics
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Research Projects
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Abstract

The successful application of laser techniques for ultrasonic testing depends on the efficient coupling of optical energy into elastic energy so that laser probe detection sensitivity may be maximized. Through optimization of the laser source which is used to generate ultrasonic waves, the overall performance of laser ultrasonic systems may be enhanced by improving the efficiency with which optical energy is converted to elastic energy. This optimization depends primarily on the source laser wavelength which governs the physical interaction of the optical energy with the material of interest. For a given laser source wavelength, several techniques have been demonstrated which modify the laser source to enhance the detectability of laser ultrasonic waves and include the repetitively pulsed laser source [1,2], or temporal array, and the phased array laser source [3],or phased array. These techniques directly address the wave detectability issue by controlling the amplitude and/or the frequency content of the laser ultrasonic wave. Even though the overall conversion efficiency of optical energy to elastic energy is not improved primarily by repetitive pulsing or phasing laser arrays, the detectability of a given laser ultrasonic wave may be enhanced beyond that obtained using a single laser source.

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