English as a Second Language courses: a path to college? A study of noncredit ESL students and their patterns of matriculation to community college
This study analyzed existing student record data on the 2005 to 2014 student enrollment in noncredit English as a Second Language courses at Des Moines Area Community College, Urban Campus to identify demographic factors and course-taking patterns that predicted matriculation or nonmatriculation to community college courses. This study concentrated on three theories to support the research: the first of these was Bean’s (1981) student attrition model, the second was Becker’s (1964) theory of human capital, and third was Hagedorn Maxwell, Chen, Cypers, and Moon’s (2007) theory of Latino community college students as a critical mass. Statistical analyses were performed on students’ demographic information, including age group, race, ethnicity, residency status, beginning course level, ending course level, and total number of courses taken. Cross-tabulations, Pearson chi-square tests, t tests, and logistic regression were used to determine the factors that predict matriculation or nonmatriculation to community college.