The relational-interdependent self-construal at work: an examination of relations to employee attitudes and behaviors
This study examined the relational-interdependent self-construal (RISC; Cross, Bacon, & Morris, 2000) and relations to work-related variables such as job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior. It was hypothesized that the RISC scale (Cross et al., 2000) would predict the altruism facet of organizational citizenship behavior, and moderate the relationships between interactional justice and coworker satisfaction when predicting other important attitudes such as job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Employees from three different organizations completed surveys either with on paper or over the Internet at a secure website. The results largely failed to support hypotheses involving the RISC, although relations among work-related variables were largely consistent with previous theory and research. The results did indicate some unexpected findings, such as a positive relation between RISC scale scores and age, and between RISC scale scores and work withdrawal. RISC scale scores also moderated several relations between work attitudes and organizational withdrawal.