Predicting market potential and environmental benefits of deploying electric taxis in Nanjing, China

dc.contributor.author Yang, Jie
dc.contributor.author Dong, Jing
dc.contributor.author Dong, Jing
dc.contributor.author Lin, Zhenhong
dc.contributor.author Hu, Liang
dc.contributor.department Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
dc.date 2018-12-22T00:37:23.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T01:12:46Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T01:12:46Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
dc.date.issued 2016-12-01
dc.description.abstract <p>This paper investigates the market potential and environmental benefits of replacing internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles with battery electric vehicles (BEVs) in the taxi fleet in Nanjing, China. Vehicle trajectory data collected by onboard global positioning system (GPS) units are used to study the travel patterns of taxis. The impacts of charger power, charging infrastructure coverage, and taxi apps on the feasibility of electric taxis are quantified, considering taxi drivers’ recharging behavior and operating activities. It is found that (1) depending on the charger power and coverage, 19% (with AC Level 2 chargers and 20% charger network coverage) to 56% (with DC chargers and 100% charger network coverage) of the ICE vehicles can be replaced by electric taxis without driving pattern changes; (2) by using taxi apps to find nearby passengers and charging stations, drivers could utilize the empty cruising time to charge the battery, which may increase the acceptance of BEVs by up to 82.6% compared to the scenario without taxi apps; and (3) tailpipe emissions in urban areas could be significantly reduced with taxi electrification: a mixed taxi fleet with 46% compressed-natural-gas-powered (CNG) and 54% electricity-powered vehicles can reduce the tailpipe emissions by 48% in comparison with the fleet of 100% CNG taxis.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is a manuscript of an article published as Yang, Jie, Jing Dong, Zhenhong Lin, and Liang Hu. "Predicting market potential and environmental benefits of deploying electric taxis in Nanjing, China." <em>Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment</em> 49 (2016): 68-81. DOI: <a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2016.08.037" target="_blank">10.1016/j.trd.2016.08.037</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ccee_pubs/202/
dc.identifier.articleid 1203
dc.identifier.contextkey 13475346
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ccee_pubs/202
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/13851
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ccee_pubs/202/2016_DongJing_PredictingMarket.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 22:21:15 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1016/j.trd.2016.08.037
dc.subject.disciplines Civil Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Transportation Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Battery electric vehicles
dc.subject.keywords Taxi service
dc.subject.keywords Charging infrastructure
dc.subject.keywords Taxi apps
dc.subject.keywords GPS trajectory data
dc.subject.keywords Tailpipe emissions
dc.title Predicting market potential and environmental benefits of deploying electric taxis in Nanjing, China
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 02eacfea-376d-45b0-a048-1b6d00cfbf26
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 933e9c94-323c-4da9-9e8e-861692825f91
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