People in Ecosystems/Watershed Integration: Visualizing ecosystem services tradeoffs in agricultural landscapes

dc.contributor.advisor Lisa A. Schulte
dc.contributor.advisor John C. Tyndall
dc.contributor.author Chennault, Carrie
dc.contributor.department Natural Resource Ecology and Management
dc.date 2018-08-11T13:53:37.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:53:49Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:53:49Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014
dc.date.embargo 2015-07-30
dc.date.issued 2014-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Educational modeling in agricultural and environmental sciences provides access to the scientific knowledge needed to address local and global challenges that affect human wellbeing. Ecosystem services tradeoffs frameworks can enhance wellbeing by facilitating agricultural landscape design to produce multiple ecosystem services while maintaining farmer profitability and mitigating risk to farmers. At present, few broadly accessible tools evaluate how changes to land management affect the types and levels of ecosystem services delivered to humans. I developed a tool, People in Ecosystems/Watershed Integration version 2 (PE/WI or PE/WI v2), to fill this gap and foster multidimensional and integrative land–management decisions.</p> <p>PE/WI is an online educational watershed simulation that allows users to design land–use configurations and evaluate ecosystem services tradeoffs. PE/WI creates a novel learning environment with visualizations that simplify complex land–use and ecosystem services relationships. Its ecological modeling framework aims to teach concepts of minimized tradeoffs and maximized co–benefits across spatial and temporal watershed dimensions. This approach allows users to simultaneously consider agricultural land use, climate conditions, production outcomes, and environmental outcomes such as nutrient levels in water, habitat provision for biodiversity, soil erosion, and carbon management.</p> <p>As an educational tool, PE/WI has enormous flexibility. Initial use with students in age groups from middle through graduate school covered multiple, diverse learning objectives. PE/WI enhances lessons involving discussion of ecological principles; economic valuation of ecosystem services outputs and discussion of payments for ecosystem services; consideration of tradeoffs and societal constraints to land–use change; and design of landscape scenarios to meet assigned goals. In initial uses, I have seen PE/WI’s ability to fundamentally alter people’s frameworks for land use and management.</p> <p>Beyond classrooms, I see an enormous future potential for PE/WI to help people understand how commodities might be co–produced with other ecosystem services; develop shared understanding of watershed processes; foster multi–stakeholder, watershed–scale decisions; and develop strategies to mitigate economic and social risks associated with climate change, biodiversity loss, and natural resource impairment. PE/WI combines the best available science with an appealing, interactive platform that I hope will engage groups such as students, farmers, and policy makers in the US Corn Belt and beyond.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/14024/
dc.identifier.articleid 5031
dc.identifier.contextkey 6199753
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-3508
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/14024
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/28211
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/14024/Chennault_iastate_0097M_14440.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:12:25 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Education
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Other Education
dc.subject.disciplines Water Resource Management
dc.subject.keywords Agroecology
dc.subject.keywords Ecological Modeling
dc.subject.keywords Ecosystem Service
dc.subject.keywords Land Use
dc.subject.keywords PE/WI
dc.subject.keywords Watershed
dc.title People in Ecosystems/Watershed Integration: Visualizing ecosystem services tradeoffs in agricultural landscapes
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication e87b7b9d-30ea-4978-9fb9-def61b4010ae
thesis.degree.discipline Sustainable Agriculture
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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