The impact of xylanase and body weight, and their interaction, on the utilization of dietary components in swine

dc.contributor.advisor John F. Patience
dc.contributor.author Weiland, Sarah
dc.contributor.department Animal Science
dc.date 2018-08-11T19:09:44.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:04:03Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:04:03Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2017-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The increased use of corn co-products in swine diets has prompted interest in the ability of carbohydrase enzymes, such as xylanase, to assist the pig in fiber degradation. It has been proposed that, by breaking down arabinoxylans, xylanase enzymes can mitigate the negative effects of fiber on digestive efficiency. However, previous studies with xylanase in corn-based diets in swine have produced inconsistent results. A digestibility study was conducted in order to better understand how the enzyme impacts diet utilization in the pig by measuring the impact of xylanase on energy and nutrient digestibility in the small and large intestines and across the total tract. Thirty-two gilts (32.6 à  à ± 0.47) were surgically fit with T-cannulae at the terminal ileum, housed individually, and assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a complete randomized design. Diets were arranged in a 2 à  à  2 factorial by adding 0% or 0.017% xylanase (Econase XT, Ab Vista) to corn-soybean meal diets with 0% (lower fiber: LF) or 30% (higher fiber: HF) corn DDGS. Three collection periods consisting of a 2 d fecal collection followed by a 3 d ileal collection occurred at average BW of 46.0 à  à ± 0.4, 54.1 à  à ± 0.4, and 70.3 à  à ± 0.5 kg, respectively, for a total of 24 observations per dietary treatment. Pigs remained on the same diet through the trial to test the impact of BW on enzyme response. Ileal and fecal samples were analyzed to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of GE, DM, NDF, ADF, and nitrogen, and the AID of starch and AA. Apparent digestibility values for fat were corrected for endogenous losses and true ileal digestibility (TID) and true total tract digestibility (TTTD) of fat was reported.</p> <p>Xylanase inclusion increased the AID of DM, starch, and nitrogen and tended to increase the AID of GE in LF diets, but had no effect in HF diets, resulting in XI à  à  FL interactions (P ≤ 0.059). Xylanase decreased the AID of NDF and tended to decrease the AID of ADF in LF diets, but had no impact in HF diets, resulting in FL à  à  XI interactions (P ≤ 0.097). However, the decrease in fiber digestibility may have been an artifact rather than a true result. Xylanase inclusion tended to decrease the AID of hemicellulose but increase the hindgut disappearance of NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose (P ≤ 0.100). In LF diets, xylanase tended to decrease the ATTD of ADF but increased the ATTD of ADF in HF diets, leading to a trend for a XI à  à  FL interaction. (P = 0.091). As BW increased, xylanase inclusion led to different patterns of the ATTD of DM and protein, but the xylanase treatment did not differ from the non-xylanase treatment at any of the three BW. In conclusion, there was no impact of BW on the enzyme response in 46.0 to 70.3 kg pigs. Xylanase appears to liberate nutrients for digestion in the small intestine in corn-soybean meal diets in growing pigs, but corn DDGS do not appear to be a suitable substrate for the xylanase enzyme.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15457/
dc.identifier.articleid 6464
dc.identifier.contextkey 11054832
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-5075
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/15457
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/29640
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15457/Weiland_iastate_0097M_16559.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:41:18 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Animal Sciences
dc.subject.keywords body weight
dc.subject.keywords corn distillers dried grains with solubles
dc.subject.keywords digestibility
dc.subject.keywords energy
dc.subject.keywords swine
dc.subject.keywords xylanase
dc.title The impact of xylanase and body weight, and their interaction, on the utilization of dietary components in swine
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 85ecce08-311a-441b-9c4d-ee2a3569506f
thesis.degree.discipline Animal Science
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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