Demonstrating Farrowing Alternatives for Small-Farms: Insulated Tents for Sows and Pigs, Project Summary

dc.contributor.author Lammers, Peter
dc.contributor.author Harmon, Jay
dc.contributor.author Harmon, Jay
dc.contributor.author Rossiter, Lyle
dc.contributor.author Honeyman, Mark
dc.date 2018-08-25T19:13:53.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T23:36:07Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T23:36:07Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2015
dc.date.issued 2015-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Farmers raising pigs for niche markets are usually prohibited from using farrowing crates and must provide bedding and greater space per sow than typical commodity production. Because current consumer expectations dictate that pigs be produced year-round, crate-free farrowing options for cold weather are necessary and many niche pork companies will not accept new producers into their program unless they agree to farrow pigs during winter months. Several crate-free farrowing systems for cold weather have been demonstrated in Iowa, however those alternatives generally require a permanent, well-insulated structure and/or tremendous amounts of energy to provide a suitable environment for the newborn pig. Beginning farmers often struggle to include livestock on their farms due to lack of investment capital and long-term leases or other forms of land permanency. A yurt is a circular (7.3 m diameter), insulated tent which might be suitable for farrowing small groups of pigs. Over the course of 2 years, four groups of 4 sows were farrowed in a modified yurt at the Allee Demonstration Farm, Newell Iowa. Ambient temperature within the yurt was consistently 10–15°C warmer than the outside temperature during winter farrowings. Thermal conditions were more variable in the summer and pre-wean mortality was 10% higher during summer farrowings than in winter. Pre-wean mortality rates were larger than typical in the U.S. Pork Industry, but were similar to other crate-free farrowing systems. The yurt is a semi-permanent modular structure that can be modified to farrow small groups of pigs. Wide-spread adoption of commercially manufactured yurts for farrowing pigs in Iowa is unlikely, but the pig management strategies and techniques developed during the course of this project will inform the continued on-farm refinement of crate-free farrowing systems for cold weather.</p>
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ans_air/vol661/iss1/82/
dc.identifier.articleid 2128
dc.identifier.contextkey 6761539
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/ans_air-180814-270
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ans_air/vol661/iss1/82
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/9199
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Animal Science Research Reports
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ans_air/vol661/iss1/82/R3019.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:07:49 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Animal Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords ASL R3019
dc.subject.keywords Animal Science
dc.subject.keywords Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.title Demonstrating Farrowing Alternatives for Small-Farms: Insulated Tents for Sows and Pigs, Project Summary
dc.type article
dc.type.genre swine
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 863ffed7-5274-46d6-95cc-47c7d0d5b6ab
relation.isJournalIssueOfPublication 6758d906-7d2a-4198-98dc-f5f25ab96561
relation.isSeriesOfPublication 7f3839b7-b833-4418-a6fa-adda2b23950a
File
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Name:
R3019.pdf
Size:
423.95 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Collections