Will Urbanization in Developing Countries Reduce Carbon Emissions? Panel Data Evidence from Pakistani Household Surveys

dc.contributor.author Hasan, Syed
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Wendong
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Wendong
dc.contributor.department Economics
dc.date 2020-11-24T14:13:06.000
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-25T18:31:08Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-25T18:31:08Z
dc.date.embargo 2020-11-24
dc.date.issued 2020-05-04
dc.description.abstract <p>Using four rounds of nationwide household survey data from the Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey from 2005 to 2014, we provide the first empirical estimates of districts’ carbon emissions and their changes over time based on representative households’ energy consumption. We find that hotspots for carbon emissions in Pakistan tend to cluster around megacities—Islamabad has the highest per capita carbon emissions. This is contradictory to the compact city hypothesis that denser cities are greener, with lower per-capita carbon emissions, than remote cities, and suggest that urbanization in developing countries may not reduce carbon emissions. Our results also show that ignoring household garbage would underestimate the urban carbon footprint by at least 15%. Finally, our results demonstrate the importance of incorporating rural households and their primary energy usage such as firewood, and the fluid nature of carbon emissions and greenness ranking over time in developing countries like Pakistan.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/econ_workingpapers/118/
dc.identifier.articleid 1117
dc.identifier.contextkey 20290614
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath econ_workingpapers/118
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/94120
dc.relation.ispartofseries 20023
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/econ_workingpapers/118/20023.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 18:58:49 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Studies
dc.subject.disciplines Growth and Development
dc.subject.disciplines Oil, Gas, and Energy
dc.subject.disciplines Regional Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Urban Studies and Planning
dc.subject.keywords Pakistan
dc.subject.keywords sustainable development
dc.subject.keywords carbon dioxide emissions
dc.subject.keywords household energy use
dc.subject.keywords urban development
dc.title Will Urbanization in Developing Countries Reduce Carbon Emissions? Panel Data Evidence from Pakistani Household Surveys
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 67561bff-c7e9-437c-ba34-825427fdf2fa
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 4c5aa914-a84a-4951-ab5f-3f60f4b65b3d
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