Genetic relatedness of Salmonella enterica isolates from pens and swine at slaughter
Hurd, H. Scott
The study aimed to determine if Salmonella enterica isolates from the floor of pre-slaughter holding pens were genetically related to isolates found in swine, held in those pens, post slaughter. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing was used to determine genetic relatedness. On seven occasions, 100% homologous PFGE patterns were found, i.e. the pen and pig isolates were identical. This suggested that pen to pig transfer of Salmonella enterica occurred. Isolates from PFGE patterns associated with pig to pen transfers were more likely to occur in the S. Anatum, S. Heidelberg and S. Typhimurium serotypes. The ability of an isolate from a pen to rapidly infect animals housed in the pen may vary within serotype based on factors described by the PFGE pattern. This may explain why some S. enterica serotypes are prevalent in swine but not in pork products or humans.