The emergence of federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers in post-World War II America

dc.contributor.advisor Richard S. Kirkendall
dc.contributor.advisor Richard Lowitt
dc.contributor.author Effland, Anne
dc.contributor.department History
dc.date 2018-08-15T06:35:49.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:14:00Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:14:00Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1991
dc.date.issued 1991
dc.description.abstract <p>This study traces the political developments out of which federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers emerged in post-World War II America. These programs arose slowly over a period of three decades, built on the experience of the depression and war years and sustained through the 1950s by persistent interest groups and sympathetic individuals within government. During those decades, the political strength of both opposing and supporting forces rose and fell with the rise and fall of public sympathy for the poverty of farmworkers. Yet throughout the period, particularly in the 1950s when assistance to farmworkers foundered in the face of a powerful farm lobby and public indifference, determined individuals within government played a critical role by fostering public interest and supporting the research and planning that enabled reforms to take place quickly once public support reappeared;This study suggests that the years from 1945 to 1958 served as an incubation period during which a critique of American society's neglect of less-advantaged groups quietly but deliberately developed. This critique became the agenda available for new federal social policies when the political climate changed in 1960. Thus, the federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers that finally emerged in the 1960s depended for their substance on the recommendations for improving farmworker conditions developed in the late 1940s and 1950s;This study also examines the implementation of federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers in Iowa. Although it does not evaluate the effectiveness of Iowa's two quite different programs for migrant farmworkers, the study does illustrate that agencies which offered programs funded from federal sources managed to maintain substantial local control through creative use of overlapping federal authorities.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/9523/
dc.identifier.articleid 10522
dc.identifier.contextkey 6360118
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-9214
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/9523
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/82631
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/9523/r_9126191.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:34:24 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Political Science
dc.subject.disciplines Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration
dc.subject.disciplines Social Welfare
dc.subject.disciplines Sociology
dc.subject.disciplines United States History
dc.subject.keywords History
dc.subject.keywords Agricultural history and rural studies
dc.title The emergence of federal assistance programs for migrant and seasonal farmworkers in post-World War II America
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 73ac537e-725d-4e5f-aa0c-c622bf34c417
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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