The significance of clutch size, egg coloration, and other reproductive traits of mourning doves

dc.contributor.author Westmoreland, David
dc.contributor.department Animal Ecology
dc.date 2018-08-16T00:02:39.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:04:55Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:04:55Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1986
dc.date.issued 1986
dc.description.abstract <p>The mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) is one of the most successful avian species in North America. In this study, I identified adaptations that promote multiple brooding, one characteristic of the unique reproductive strategy of mourning doves. I also investigated how clutch size and egg coloration affect reproductive success;Mourning doves are capable of multiple brooding because they produce food (crop milk) for nestlings in vivo and feed older nestlings a diverse granivorous diet. This allows extended breeding seasons. Mourning doves also have adaptations that enhance the number of broods that can be produced in a season. By constructing small nests and reusing old nests, they initiate nesting cycles quickly. Small clutch size, constant incubation, fast nestling growth, and early fledging serve to shorten the nesting cycle;Mourning doves are unusual in that they always lay two eggs per nest. To find out why, I exchanged eggs between nests to create clutches of one and three, and compared these to natural clutches. The parents incubated three eggs and brooded three nestlings at normal temperatures. Because adults produced a limited amount of crop milk, however, nestlings in enlarged broods grew more slowly, took longer to fledge, and fledged at 83% normal weight. Parents of enlarged broods fledged 23% more offspring than those of control broods, but low survival of young fledglings in the former treatment probably negated this positive effect on reproductive success;Mourning doves are also unusual because they lay white (noncryptic) eggs in open nests. To determine whether this depresses reproductive success, I compared the survival of white clutches to that of clutches spattered with brown paint, simulating cryptic coloration. These treatments were compared under two incubation regimes: (1) constant incubation, which is typical of mourning doves, and (2) interrupted incubation, in which the attending adult was flushed from the nest once every 3 days. Cryptic clutches had greater survival when incubation was interrupted, but did not have greater survival when incubated constantly. I argue that white egg coloration in pigeons and doves was a selective pressure for development of constant incubation.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/8126/
dc.identifier.articleid 9125
dc.identifier.contextkey 6329019
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-11062
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/8126
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/81080
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/8126/r_8627161.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:06:57 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Animal ecology
dc.title The significance of clutch size, egg coloration, and other reproductive traits of mourning doves
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication dc916ec7-70d9-48fc-a9b4-83f345e17b12
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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