Ammonia and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Co-Composting of Dead Hens with Manure as Affected by Forced Aeration Rate Zhu, Zhiping Dong, Hongmin Xin, Hongwei Xi, Jialin Xin, Hongwei
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering 2018-02-14T00:02:29.000 2020-06-29T22:40:11Z 2020-06-29T22:40:11Z Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014 2014-04-11 2014-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The effect of ventilation rate (VR) on ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from co-composting dead hens mixed with hen manure was quantified. Three VR levels of 0.9, 0.7, and 0.5 m<sup>3</sup> h<sup>-1</sup> were evaluated. Gaseous concentrations were measured using a multi-gas infrared photoacoustic analyzer, VR was measured with flowmeters, and the gas emission rate was computed from the VR and gas concentration. Decomposition of the carcasses over the 11-week composting period was greater than 88%. VR was found to significantly affect NH<sub>3</sub>, CO<sub>2</sub>, and CH<sub>4</sub> emissions (p < 0.05). Specifically, cumulative emissions per kg of initial matter for VR of 0.9, 0.7, and 0.5 m<sup>3</sup> h<sup>-1</sup> were, respectively, 2.4, 2.0, and 1.2 g NH<sub>3</sub>; 78, 66, and 42 g CO<sub>2</sub>; 120, 90, and 52 mg CH<sub>4</sub>; and 6.4, 6.1, and 5.1 mg N<sub>2</sub>O. Hence, the study results suggest that the ventilation rate can be adjusted to reduce NH<sub>3</sub> and GHG emissions from animal mortality compositing.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Transactions of the ASABE</em> 57 (2014): 211–217, doi:<a href="" target="_blank">10.13031/trans.57.10206</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1763
dc.identifier.contextkey 5474263
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/481
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Sat Jan 15 00:27:41 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.13031/trans.57.10206
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Composting
dc.subject.keywords Dead hens
dc.subject.keywords Greenhouse gas
dc.subject.keywords NH3
dc.subject.keywords Ventilation rate
dc.title Ammonia and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Co-Composting of Dead Hens with Manure as Affected by Forced Aeration Rate
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 36e0a8ce-fa2e-4df4-9f67-8d1717122650
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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