Reduced Basis Kriging for Big Spatial Fields

Date
2018-08-01
Authors
Pazdernik, Karl
Maitra, Ranjan
Nychka, Douglas
Sain, Stephan
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Altmetrics
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Statistics
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Statistics
Abstract

In spatial statistics, a common method for prediction over a Gaussian random field (GRF) is maximum likelihood estimation combined with kriging. For massive data sets, kriging is computationally intensive, both in terms of CPU time and memory, and so fixed rank kriging has been proposed as a solution. The method however still involves operations on large matrices, so we develop an alteration to this method by utilizing the approximations made in fixed rank kriging combined with restricted maximum likelihood estimation and sparse matrix methodology. Experiments show that our methodology can provide additional gains in computational efficiency over fixed-rank kriging without loss of accuracy in prediction. The methodology is applied to climate data archived by the United States National Climate Data Center, with very good results.

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This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Sankhya A. The final authenticated version is available online at DOI: 10.1007/s13171-018-0129-7.

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