Sleep health, resources, stress, and academic performance: Comparing hospitality and non-hospitality undergraduate students

dc.contributor.advisor Susan W. Arendt
dc.contributor.author Chiang, Yu-Chih
dc.contributor.department Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management
dc.date 2018-08-11T10:18:47.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:09:56Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:09:56Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017
dc.date.embargo 2018-04-17
dc.date.issued 2017-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>In recent decades, there have been an increasing number of sleep studies in both science and social science. One explanation could be that sleep researchers’ focus has extended from sleep diseases to sleep health; this has expanded study populations beyond “unhealthy” patients to healthy people. In parallel, brain scientists have connected sleep with cognitive and emotional function, which intensified the discussion of sleep issues in daily life. Existing literature suggests a linkage between sleep and performance, but relative evidence is not solid. In particular, hospitality students’ sleep health should be studied given the potential impact of program requirements and industry work characteristics; however, relative topics have not been widely studied in hospitality research.</p> <p>The primary purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between sleep health and academic performance using the conservation of resource theory. The secondary purpose was to determine whether hospitality students differ from non-hospitality students with respect to sleep health and academic performance. This study consisted of two-phases. In Phase I, secondary data of 73,214 responses were received from a national higher education association and analyzed using correlations. In Phase II, primary data of 817 responses were collected from six U.S. universities using a self-report online questionnaire and analyzed using ANOVA and structural equation modeling.</p> <p>In Phase I, findings confirmed that, over the past 10 years, stress and sleep difficulties were the top two health issues impacting academic performance from undergraduates’ perspectives. In Phase II, results presented a positive but weak influence of sleep health on academic performance. The results also indicated that poor sleep health was related to sleep aid usage, caffeinated beverage consumption, and long work hours. Finally, hospitality student employees’ sleep health score was slightly lower than the average sleep health score of non-hospitality student employees.</p> <p>In conclusion, sleep health seems not to be a direct predictor of academic performance, but it is associated with students’ academic success and individual health. To assist hospitality students in balancing their sleep health, study, and work, it is important that both administrators and managers understand the importance of sleep and show willingness to cooperate with one other.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/16274/
dc.identifier.articleid 7281
dc.identifier.contextkey 12307513
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-5905
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/16274
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/30457
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/16274/Chiang_iastate_0097E_16411.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:57:30 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Business Administration, Management, and Operations
dc.subject.disciplines Health and Physical Education
dc.subject.disciplines Higher Education Administration
dc.subject.disciplines Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods
dc.subject.disciplines Medical Education
dc.subject.disciplines Public Health Education and Promotion
dc.subject.keywords Academic performance
dc.subject.keywords College students
dc.subject.keywords Conservation of resources (COR) theory
dc.subject.keywords Hospitality students
dc.subject.keywords Sleep health
dc.subject.keywords Stress
dc.title Sleep health, resources, stress, and academic performance: Comparing hospitality and non-hospitality undergraduate students
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 5960a20b-38e3-465c-a204-b47fdce6f6f2
thesis.degree.discipline Hospitality Management
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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