Examining the Relationship Between Victimization, Psychopathy, and the Acceptance of Rape Myths

dc.contributor.author Cooke, Eric
dc.contributor.author Bouffard, Leana
dc.contributor.author Lewis, Richard
dc.contributor.author Hayes, Brittany
dc.contributor.author Bouffard, Leana
dc.contributor.author Boisvert, Danielle
dc.contributor.author Wells, Jessica
dc.contributor.author Kavish, Nicholas
dc.contributor.author Woeckener, Matthias
dc.contributor.author Armstrong, Todd
dc.contributor.department Sociology
dc.date 2020-11-16T16:56:33.000
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-26T13:01:22Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-26T13:01:22Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2020
dc.date.issued 2020-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Rape myths are attitudes that implicitly and explicitly blame victims for their own sexual victimization. Greater adherence to rape myths is linked to several negative outcomes, including the neutralization of gender-based violence and the perpetration of sexual violence. Few studies have considered how previous life experiences and individual-level traits influence the development and greater adherence to rape myths. The current study examines how traits associated with the three-factor model of psychopathy (i.e., egocentric, callous, and antisocial dimensions) and adherence to traditional gender roles mediate the relationship between prior childhood/adolescent victimization and the acceptance of rape myths in a sample of college men and women (<em>N</em> = 789). Path modeling indicates that experiences of psychological victimization (before age 16) increased egocentric psychopathic traits, which then increased the acceptance of rape myths in men. In women, however, sexual victimization (before age 16) increased the acceptance of traditional gender roles, which then influenced the acceptance of rape myths. Additionally, the egocentric facet of psychopathy exerted indirect effects on the acceptance of rape myths through traditional views on gender roles in both men and women. These findings highlight the need to continue to examine egocentric personality traits in relation to the development of rape myths in adolescent and young adult populations. Directions for collegiate programming are discussed.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is a manuscript of an article published as Cooke, Eric M., Richard H. Lewis, Brittany E. Hayes, Leana A. Bouffard, Danielle L. Boisvert, Jessica Wells, Nicholas Kavish, Matthias Woeckener, and Todd A. Armstrong. "Examining the relationship between victimization, psychopathy, and the acceptance of rape myths." <em>Journal of interpersonal violence</em> (2020). doi: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0886260520966669">10.1177/0886260520966669</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/55/
dc.identifier.articleid 1054
dc.identifier.contextkey 20205779
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath soc_las_pubs/55
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/98875
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/55/2020_Bouffard_ExaminingRelationshipManuscript.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:55:35 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1177/0886260520966669
dc.subject.disciplines Criminology
dc.subject.disciplines Family, Life Course, and Society
dc.subject.disciplines Gender and Sexuality
dc.subject.disciplines Psychology
dc.subject.disciplines Social Psychology and Interaction
dc.subject.keywords child abuse
dc.subject.keywords sexual assault
dc.subject.keywords situational factors
dc.subject.keywords psychopathy
dc.subject.keywords rape myths
dc.subject.keywords victimization
dc.title Examining the Relationship Between Victimization, Psychopathy, and the Acceptance of Rape Myths
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication f73b66bd-d918-4e75-b2f3-273cb76f741a
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 84d83d09-42ff-424d-80f2-a35244368443
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