Interseeded pennycress and camelina yield and influence on row crops

Date
2021-01-01
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Patel, Swetabh
Lenssen, Andrew
Lenssen, Andrew
Moore, Kenneth
Mohammed, Yesuf
Gesch, Russ
Wells, M. Scott
Johnson, Burton
Berti, Marisol
Matthees, Heather
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Agronomy
Abstract

Field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.) (PC) and winter camelina [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz] (WC) have the potential to provide ecosystem services and economic incentives when adopted as an oilseed cover crops in corn (Zea mays L.)–soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] rotations. However, PC and WC establishment and yield in the northern Corn Belt and their subsequent impact on row crops are not well known. This study was conducted to determine the effects of interseeding dates (R4, R5, and R6; and R6, R7, and R8 development stages for corn and soybean, respectively) and cover crop species (PC, WC, and winter rye [Secale cereale L.]) on seed yield and oil content of interseeded oilseeds (PC and WC) and relay soybean, and 3rd‐year corn grain yield and quality. Study sites were initiated near Ames, IA; Morris and Rosemount, MN; and Prosper, ND. Late interseeding of PC and WC resulted in greater oilseed yield. Overall yields of PC (218–880 kg ha–1) and WC (15–770 kg ha–1), averaged across interseeding dates, were low when interseeded in corn and soybean. The PC and WC reduced relay‐soybean grain yield by 13–32% and 13–42%, respectively. Corn grain yield and quality following relay soybean were not affected by the residual effects of oilseed cover crops. Based on the results of our study, we do not recommend relay cropping soybean with PC and WC in the upper Midwest.

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This article is published as Patel, Swetabh, Andrew W. Lenssen, Kenneth J. Moore, Yesuf A. Mohammed, Russ W. Gesch, M. Scott Wells, Burton L. Johnson, Marisol T. Berti, and Heather L. Matthees. "Interseeded pennycress and camelina yield and influence on row crops." Agronomy Journal (2021). doi:10.1002/agj2.20655.

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