Optimization of the Pyrolysis of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles

dc.contributor.author Wood, Christine
dc.contributor.author Muthukumarappan, Kasiviswanathan
dc.contributor.author Rosentrater, Kurt
dc.contributor.author Rosentrater, Kurt
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T13:47:16.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:33:29Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:33:29Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2013
dc.date.embargo 2013-08-28
dc.date.issued 2013-07-01
dc.description.abstract <p>As the quantity of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) produced in the U.S. continues to expand, so too does the need for value-added applications. This study examined the use of extracting energy from DDGS using pyrolysis. Various pyrolysis parameters were used to produce bio-oil and bio-char from DDGS. Characterization of the bio-oil and bio-char included mass density, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, apparent viscosity, and energy content and was used to determine optimal processing parameters. The bio-oil produced from DDGS was found to be comparable to bio-oils produced from other biomass, but also had some more desirable characteristics. Heating values were determined to range from 16.7 to 27.6 MJ/kg (7,200 to 11,800 Btu/lb), while the pH ranged from 4.2 to 5.5. The mass density of the bio-oils produced in this study ranged from 0.839 to 1.007 g/cm3, which is lower than that of other known pyrolysis oils (1.16-1.28 g/cm3). This type of application could expand the portfolio of coproduct uses, and thus improve the sustainability of the industry.</p>
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/327/
dc.identifier.articleid 1336
dc.identifier.contextkey 4520512
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_conf/327
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/347
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/327/2013_WoodC_OptimizationPyrolysisDistillers.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 23:36:35 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Bio-char
dc.subject.keywords Bio-oil
dc.subject.keywords Distillers dried grains with solubles
dc.subject.keywords DDGS
dc.subject.keywords Pyrolysis
dc.subject.keywords Thermochemical conversion
dc.title Optimization of the Pyrolysis of Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication ae6468d9-2286-48ad-9293-5cfa893ea5f3
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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