Distributed Temperature Sensing using a SPIRAL Configuration UltrasonicWaveguide

Date
2016-01-01
Authors
Periyannan, Suresh
Balasubramaniam, Krishnan
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Abstract

Distributed temperature sensing has important applications in the long term monitoring of critical enclosures such as containment vessels, flue gas stacks, furnaces, underground storage tanks and buildings for fire risk. This paper presents novel techniques for such measurements, using wire in a spiral configuration and having special embodiments such a notch for obtaining wave reflections from desired locations. Transduction is performed using commercially available Piezo-electric crystal that is bonded to one end of the waveguide. Lower order axisymmetric guided ultrasonic modes were employed. Time of fight (TOF) differences between predefined reflectors located on the waveguides are used to infer temperature profile in a chamber with temperature gradients. Both L(0,1) and T(0,1) wave modes were generated and the pros and cons of these two modes are highlighted.The ultrasonic measurements were compared with commercially available thermocouples.

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