Science-based intensive agriculture: Sustainability, food security, and the role of technology

Date
2019-12-01
Authors
Gaffney, Jim
Bing, James
Sawyer, John
Byrne, Patrick
Cassman, Kenneth
Ciampitti, Ignacio
Delmer, Deborah
Habben, Jeffrey
Lafitte, H. Renee
Lidstrom, Ulrika
Porter, Dana
Sawyer, John
Schussler, Jeff
Setter, Tim
Sharp, Robert
Vyn, Tony
Warner, David
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Agronomy
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Agronomy
Abstract

Sustainable agriculture describes crop management approaches that address the interdependent goals of increasing or at least maintaining yield while protecting the environment, conserving natural resources, and slowing climate change. Numerous authors have espoused limiting synthetic fertilizer and pesticides and promoting organic agriculture (Lechenet et al., 2014; Martinez-Alcantara et al., 2016; Muller at al. 2017), less meat consumption (West et al., 2014; Poore and Nemecek, 2018; Springmann et al., 2018), or combinations of these strategies as viable solutions to achieve those goals, thereby improving agricultural sustainability.

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This article is published as Jim Gaffney, James Bing, Patrick F. Byrne, Kenneth G. Cassman, Ignacio Ciampitti, Deborah Delmer, Jeffrey Habben, H. Renee Lafitte, Ulrika E. Lidstrom, Dana O. Porter, John E. Sawyer, Jeff Schussler, Tim Setter, Robert E. Sharp, Tony J. Vyn, David Warner, Science-based intensive agriculture: Sustainability, food security, and the role of technology, Global Food Security 23 (2019): 236-244. doi: 10.1016/j.gfs.2019.08.003.

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