Living Mulch Establishment in Row Crop Systems for Sustainable Biofuels Production

dc.contributor.author Bartel, Cynthia
dc.contributor.author Lenssen, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Lenssen, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Moore, Kenneth
dc.contributor.author Laird, David
dc.contributor.author Archontoulis, Sotirios
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.date 2018-02-18T01:44:48.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T23:02:06Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T23:02:06Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
dc.date.embargo 2016-11-23
dc.date.issued 2016-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>With increasing removal of maize (<em>Zea mays </em>L.) stover for cellulosic biofuels or livestock bedding and feedstuffs, there exists a need to ensure natural resources-related issues such as soil erosion, nitrate leaching, and loss of organic matter content are appropriately managed. Perennial groundcover offers a tenable solution for alleviating these problems associated with maize stover removal from conventional cropping systems. We conducted a field study to ascertain the expected cost of perennial groundcover establishment on the primary crop of economic interest and groundcover success under a maize or soybean (<em>Glycine max </em>L.) crop. To test this concept, we established either Kentucky bluegrass (KB) (<em>Poa pratensis </em>L<em>.</em>) or creeping red fescue (CF) (<em>Festuca rubra </em>L.) as living mulch (LM) concurrently with either maize or soybean, documenting impacts on crop maturity, leaf area index (LAI), normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), stand density, yield components, grain yield, and C and N. First-year maize and first- and second-year soybean in the no LM control yielded on average 13.00, 3.38, and 4.86 Mg ha<sup>-1</sup>, respectively, 30, 84, and 27% greater than LM systems. However, yield did not statistically significantly differ in the second site year between the no LM and LM maize. Moreover, perennial groundcover treatments did not affect expected ethanol yield in the second year, averaging 5,459 l ha<sup>-1</sup> in year two over all treatments). These results indicate that further research is needed to achieve groundcover establishment and subsequent natural resources benefits in row crop production while minimizing impact on yield.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is an abstract of a presentation from the ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, November 6–9, 2016. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_conf/23/
dc.identifier.articleid 1014
dc.identifier.contextkey 9412342
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath agron_conf/23
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/4361
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_conf/23/2016_Bartel_LivingMulch.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 22:46:26 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.title Living Mulch Establishment in Row Crop Systems for Sustainable Biofuels Production
dc.type article
dc.type.genre abstract
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 7f67ca95-722b-4dfd-8f49-56ff95980240
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication fdd5c06c-bdbe-469c-a38e-51e664fece7a
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