Benefits of 8-wk Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction or Aerobic Training on Seasonal Declines in Physical Activity

dc.contributor.author Meyer, Jacob
dc.contributor.author Meyer, Jacob
dc.contributor.author Torres, Elisa
dc.contributor.author Grabow, Maggie
dc.contributor.author Zgierska, Aleksandra
dc.contributor.author Teng, Hao-Yang
dc.contributor.author Coe, Christopher
dc.contributor.author Barrett, Bruce
dc.contributor.department Kinesiology
dc.date 2018-11-28T08:14:00.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T05:45:39Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T05:45:39Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2018
dc.date.embargo 2019-09-01
dc.date.issued 2018-09-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and aerobic exercise training (AET) programs improve health and well-being. Exercise participation has been related to mindfulness and may be altered by MBSR training.</p> <p>Purpose This study aimed to compare 8 wk of MBSR, AET, and no-treatment control during the fall season on objectively measured physical activity in healthy adults.</p> <p><a href="https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2018/09000/Benefits_of_8_wk_Mindfulness_based_Stress.16.aspx#HA1-16">Methods </a>Participants (<em>n</em> = 66) wore an ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer for 7 d prerandomization and after 8 wk MBSR or AET interventions, or neither (control). Mean daily minutes (min) of moderate-to-vigorous physical activities (MVPA) were calculated along with weekly time spent in bouts of MVPA ≥10 min (MVPABouts) to assess physical activity sufficient to meet national guidelines. Groups were compared on pairwise changes in outcomes across time. Effect sizes were calculated using Cohen’s <em>d</em>.</p> <p><a href="https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2018/09000/Benefits_of_8_wk_Mindfulness_based_Stress.16.aspx#HA2-16">Results </a>Sufficient data (≥3 weekdays, ≥1 weekend day, and ≥10 h·d−1) were obtained from 49 participants (18 MBSR, 14 AET, and 17 control). Daily MVPA decreased in all groups from prerandomization to postintervention (August to November); control decreased 17.9 ± 25.7 min·d−1, MBSR decreased 5.7 ± 7.5 min·d−1, and AET decreased 7.4 ± 14.3 min·d−1 (mean ± SD), without significant differences among the groups (all <em>P</em> > 0.05). MVPABouts decreased 77.3 ± 106.6 min·wk−1 in control and 15.5 ± 37.0 min·wk−1 in MBSR (between-group difference: <em>P</em> = 0.08; <em>d</em> = 0.86), whereas it increased by 5.7 ± 64.1 min·wk−1 in AET (compared with control: <em>P</em> = 0.029; <em>d</em> = 0.97; compared with MBSR; <em>P</em> = 0.564; <em>d</em> = 0.29).</p> <p><a href="https://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2018/09000/Benefits_of_8_wk_Mindfulness_based_Stress.16.aspx#HA3-16">Conclusion </a>Data from participants in a randomized controlled trial showed that although AET increases MVPA bouts compared with no treatment, MBSR training may also mitigate the influence of shorter day length and cooler weather on participation in physical activities. Future research is needed to determine how MBSR affects exercise to inform interventions. Interventions combining MBSR and exercise may be particularly successful at increasing physical activity participation.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This accepted article is published as <strong>Meyer J</strong>, Torres E, Grabow M, Zgierska A, Teng H, Coe C, & Barrett B (2018). Benefits of 8-wk Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction or Aerobic Training on Seasonal Declines in Physical Activity. <em>Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise</em>, <em>50</em>(9), 1850–1858. doi: <a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001636" target="_blank">10.1249/MSS.0000000000001636</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
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dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/kin_pubs/44/
dc.identifier.articleid 1040
dc.identifier.contextkey 13376442
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath kin_pubs/44
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/52526
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/kin_pubs/44/2018_MeyerJ_MANU_Benefits8WeekMBSR.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:18:00 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001636
dc.subject.disciplines Kinesiology
dc.subject.keywords Meditation
dc.subject.keywords Mindfulness
dc.subject.keywords Accelerometer
dc.subject.keywords Aerobic Exercise
dc.subject.keywords Sedentary
dc.title Benefits of 8-wk Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction or Aerobic Training on Seasonal Declines in Physical Activity
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 6d25a191-dd56-4965-a726-6dfe139e771a
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication f7b0f2ca-8e43-4084-8a10-75f62e5199dd
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