Changes in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Response to COVID-19 and Their Associations with Mental Health in 3052 US Adults

dc.contributor.author Meyer, Jacob
dc.contributor.author McDowell, Cillian
dc.contributor.author Lansing, Jeni
dc.contributor.author Brower, Cassandra
dc.contributor.author Smith, Lee
dc.contributor.author Tully, Mark
dc.contributor.author Herring, Matthew
dc.contributor.department Kinesiology
dc.contributor.other Kinesiology
dc.date 2021-01-20T22:38:10.000
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-26T02:28:56Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-26T02:28:56Z
dc.date.issued 2020-09-05
dc.description <p>This article is published as Meyer, J.; McDowell, C.; Lansing, J.; Brower, C.; Smith, L.; Tully, M.; Herring, M. Changes in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Response to COVID-19 and Their Associations with Mental Health in 3052 US Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6469. doi: <a target="_blank">10.3390/ijerph17186469</a></p>
dc.description.abstract <p>The COVID-19 pandemic altered many facets of life. We aimed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19-related public health guidelines on physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, mental health, and their interrelations. Cross-sectional data were collected from 3052 US adults 3–8 April 2020 (from all 50 states). Participants self-reported pre- and post-COVID-19 levels of moderate and vigorous PA, sitting, and screen time. Currently-followed public health guidelines, stress, loneliness, positive mental health (PMH), social connectedness, and depressive and anxiety symptoms were self-reported. Participants were grouped by meeting US PA guidelines, reporting ≥8 h/day of sitting, or ≥8 h/day of screen time, pre- and post-COVID-19. Overall, 62% of participants were female, with age ranging from 18–24 (16.6% of sample) to 75+ (9.3%). Self-reported PA was lower post-COVID among participants reporting being previously active (mean change: −32.3% [95% CI: −36.3%, −28.1%]) but largely unchanged among previously inactive participants (+2.3% [−3.5%, +8.1%]). No longer meeting PA guidelines and increased screen time were associated with worse depression, loneliness, stress, and PMH (p < 0.001). Self-isolation/quarantine was associated with higher depressive and anxiety symptoms compared to social distancing (p < 0.001). Maintaining and enhancing physical activity participation and limiting screen time increases during abrupt societal changes may mitigate the mental health consequences</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/kin_pubs/86/
dc.identifier.articleid 1085
dc.identifier.contextkey 21191300
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath kin_pubs/86
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/96554
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/kin_pubs/86/2020_MeyerJ_Changes_in_Physical_Activity_and_Sedentary.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:14:18 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.3390/ijerph17186469
dc.subject physical activity
dc.subject screen time
dc.subject sitting time
dc.subject sedentary
dc.subject mental health
dc.subject public health
dc.subject depression
dc.subject anxiety
dc.subject loneliness
dc.title Changes in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Response to COVID-19 and Their Associations with Mental Health in 3052 US Adults
dc.type article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 6d25a191-dd56-4965-a726-6dfe139e771a
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication f7b0f2ca-8e43-4084-8a10-75f62e5199dd
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