Development of Non-destructive Methods for Detection of Alkali Silica Reaction in Concrete Structures

dc.contributor.author Heifetz, Alexander
dc.contributor.author Bakhtiari, Sasan
dc.contributor.author Aronson, Igor
dc.contributor.author Vinokour, Valerii
dc.contributor.author Lu, Juan
dc.contributor.author Bentivegna, Anthony
dc.date 2018-02-17T23:45:28.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T06:54:55Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T06:54:55Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Concrete deterioration due to damage from alkali silica reaction (ASR) is one of the most common causes of concern for aging of thick concrete structures. Damage caused by ASR gel formation and expansion typically takes 25 to 50 years to develop into visible cracks in concrete, which could undermine structural integrity. Non-destructive detection of ASR damage at early stages requires the ability to sense the presence of ASR gel, and possibly small cracks, well inside the thick concrete structure. Currently, there are no standard non-destructive testing methods for in-situ detection and monitoring of ASR. Existing assessments of ASR in concrete mixes are based on length expansion measurements in accelerated testing of small concrete specimens, and petrographic imaging of concrete sections. In this paper, we report preliminary results of evaluating a microwave non-destructive testing method for in-situ detection of ASR. Using vector network analyzer (VNA), we have performed preliminary laboratory measurements of microwave transmission through concrete cylinders up to K-band (18GHz to 26.5GHz). Higher frequency microwaves can have wavelengths comparable to the size of aggregates inside concrete, thus enabling high resolution sensing of internal material structures. However, the smaller depth of penetration at higher frequencies limits the ability of the technique to probe through thick concrete media. Spectrum of microwave transmission through concrete cylinders (up to one foot-long) containing coarse aggregate (up to 1.5” in size) has been recorded with signal level 10dB to 15dB above the VNA noise level. A measurement campaign has been developed for validation tests to be performed on concrete prism specimens with and without ASR. Such specimens are currently under preparation using reactive and reaction-inhibited concrete mixes. Experimental efforts are supported by developing models and performing computer simulations. Microwave propagation in concrete is modelled using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) computational solution of Maxwell’s equations. In parallel, we are developing the models of ASR gel formation and concrete damage using phase field method.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/qnde/2016/abstracts/92/
dc.identifier.articleid 5061
dc.identifier.contextkey 9289415
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath qnde/2016/abstracts/92
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/62186
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/qnde/2016/abstracts/92/272_Development_of_Non_destructive.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:29:44 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Catalysis and Reaction Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Chemical Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Structural Materials
dc.title Development of Non-destructive Methods for Detection of Alkali Silica Reaction in Concrete Structures
dc.type event
dc.type.genre event
dspace.entity.type Publication
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