Genetic dissection of stalk lodging-related traits using an IBM Syn10 DH population in maize across three environments (Zea mays L.)
The heavy metals lead and cadmium have become important pollutants in the environment, which exert negative effects on plant morphology, growth and photosynthesis. It is particularly significant to uncover the genetic loci and the causal genes for lead and cadmium tolerance in plants. This study used an IBM Syn10 DH population to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling maize seedling tolerance to lead and cadmium by linkage mapping. The broad-sense heritability of these seedling traits ranged from 65.8%-97.3% and 32.0%-98.8% under control (CK) and treatment (T) conditions, respectively. A total of 53 and 64 QTL were detected under CK and T conditions, respectively. Moreover, 42 QTL were identified by using lead and cadmium tolerance coefficient (LCTC). Among these QTL, five and two major QTL that explained > 10% of phenotypic variation were identified under T condition and using LCTC, respectively. Furthermore, eight QTL were simultaneously identified by T and LCTC, explaining 5.23% to 9.21% of the phenotypic variations. Within these major and common QTL responsible for the combined heavy metal tolerance, four candidate genes (Zm00001d048759, Zm00001d004689, Zm00001d004843, Zm00001d033527) were previously reported to correlate with heavy metal transport and tolerance. These findings will contribute to functional gene identification and molecular marker-assisted breeding for improving heavy metal tolerance in maize.
This is a manuscript of an article published as Zhang, Yanling, Tianhu Liang, Min Chen, Yinchao Zhang, Tao Wang, Haijian Lin, Tingzhao Rong et al. "Genetic dissection of stalk lodging-related traits using an IBM Syn10 DH population in maize across three environments (Zea mays L.)." Molecular Genetics and Genomics 294 (2019): 1277-1288. doi:10.1007/s00438-019-01576-6. Posted with permission.