Optimization of Low Moisture Anhydrous Ammonia (LMAA) Pretreatment for Corn Stover Enzymatic Digestibility during Hydrolysis Process

Date
2016-01-01
Authors
Cheng, Ming-Hsun
Cao, Xiong
Rosentrater, Kurt
Yang, Minliang
Rosentrater, Kurt
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Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Abstract

Corn stover is one of the most common lignocellulosic biomass used in bioethanol production. In bioethanol production, pretreatment is the first step to break down recalcitrant structure of biomass which is also a critical process for further sugar release and fermentation. Among all chemical pretreatment processes, ammonia is one of the base reagent, and the low moisture anhydrous ammonia (LMAA) process could minimize water and ammonia input in bioethanol production. For obtaining the optimal fermentable sugar yields with the most efficient chemical loadings and pretreating time, several factors were examined for enzymatic digestibility optimization. In LMAA pretreatment process, the ammonia loading, ammoniation time and the particle size of corn stover are the main factors for enzyme digestibility in the hydrolysis process. As the particle size of corn stover was reduced from 1mm to 0.5 mm, the anhydrous ammonia loading was increased from 0.1g to 0.18g NH3/g DM biomass under 75oC and the ammoniation incubation was extended from 72 hr to 144 hr, the enzyme digestibility would increase from 71.6% to 83.69% with about 17% increments.

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This paper is from 2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Paper No. 162459784, pages 1-8 (doi: 10.13031/aim.20162459784). St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE. Posted with permission.

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