Breeding Ecology of the Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) in Phillips County, Montana

dc.contributor.advisor Stephen J. Dinsmore
dc.contributor.author Ruff, Zachary
dc.contributor.department Natural Resource Ecology and Management
dc.date 2018-08-11T10:16:00.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:06:34Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:06:34Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2016-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Reproduction is a central aspect of an organism's ecology and life history. Understanding a species’ reproductive ecology is critical to informing any conservation or management actions. Using data from a population of Mountain Plovers (Charadrius montanus) in Phillips County, Montana, I introduce a general, model-based approach to estimating nest detection probability based on individual, group, environmental and temporal covariates. I found nest detection probability in Mountain Plovers was influenced by nest initiation date, breeding area size, day of season, nest age, observer experience level, nest fate, daily high temperature and daily precipitation. Single-visit detection probability ranged from <0.10 to >0.80, clearly demonstrating the need for a model-based approach that accounts for individual heterogeneity. I analyzed the spatial patterning of Mountain Plover nests on Black-Tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) colonies and attempted to link spatial characteristics of nests to nest survival. I found that nests were more dispersed at small spatial scales (<200 m) than would be expected under complete spatial randomness and that male-tended nests were more isolated than female-tended nests but that nest placement had no significant effect on daily nest survival. I analyzed the survival of dependent Mountain Plover chicks from hatch to fledging using resighting data of marked adults. My best model included effects of chick age, day of season, daily temperature, and daily precipitation. However, this model did not predict chick survival with good precision. Collectively, these results advance our understanding of avian breeding ecology in general and the Mountain Plover in particular.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15805/
dc.identifier.articleid 6812
dc.identifier.contextkey 11165346
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-5433
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/15805
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/29988
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15805/Ruff_iastate_0097M_15970.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:47:00 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
dc.subject.disciplines Natural Resources and Conservation
dc.subject.disciplines Natural Resources Management and Policy
dc.subject.keywords Birds
dc.subject.keywords Modeling
dc.subject.keywords Population Ecology
dc.subject.keywords Reproduction
dc.subject.keywords Shorebirds
dc.subject.keywords Wildlife
dc.title Breeding Ecology of the Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus) in Phillips County, Montana
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication e87b7b9d-30ea-4978-9fb9-def61b4010ae
thesis.degree.discipline Wildlife Ecology
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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