Ecological Embeddedness, Agricultural “Modernization,” and Land Use Change in the US Midwest: Past, Present, and Future

dc.contributor.author Arbuckle, J. Gordon
dc.contributor.author Arbuckle, J. Gordon
dc.contributor.department Sociology
dc.date 2021-01-05T19:24:46.000
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-26T13:01:25Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-26T13:01:25Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2020
dc.date.issued 2020-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>In this essay, I examine how socio-technical and economic choices and changes have increasingly disembedded agricultural systems from their local ecologies and transformed agricultural land use and impacted soil and water conservation over the course of US history. I propose that the primary characteristic of land use change, and land degradation in particular, is a fundamental concept I term “agroecological disembeddedness.” I begin with a definition and discussion of the concept of agroecological embeddedness. I then examine the history of North American agriculture up to mid-20th century, focusing primarily on what I consider to be the first major disembedding juncture, the “plow cultural revolution” that greatly disconnected agriculture from its agroecological foundations, and resultant impacts of that seismic shift in land use. The next section focuses on post-World War II fossil fuel–based technical and chemical “modernization,” which further disembedded agriculture from its agroecological roots through the systematic promotion and spread of fossil fuel–based machinery, fertilizers, and agrochemicals that led to the current dominant model of agricultural land use: highly specialized, high-input, monoculture commodity production. The final section examines the rise of efforts to re-embed agriculture into its agroecological foundations, with a particular focus on soil health, and highlights the need for structural changes that promote diversity and regenerative agriculture.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This chapter is published as J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2020. Ecological Embeddedness, Agricultural “Modernization,” and Land Use Change in the US Midwest: Past, Present, and Future In Soil and Water Conservation: A Celebration of 75 Years, pp. 32-41. Edited by Jorg antzer, and Gretchen F. Sassenrath. Soil and Water Conservation Society. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/58/
dc.identifier.articleid 1057
dc.identifier.contextkey 20940937
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath soc_las_pubs/58
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/98878
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/58/0-Permission_from_SWCS.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 01:01:34 UTC 2022
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/58/2020_Arbuckle_EcologicalEmbeddedness.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 01:01:35 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural and Resource Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Natural Resources and Conservation
dc.subject.disciplines Rural Sociology
dc.subject.disciplines Soil Science
dc.title Ecological Embeddedness, Agricultural “Modernization,” and Land Use Change in the US Midwest: Past, Present, and Future
dc.type article
dc.type.genre book_chapter
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 74cafb20-bc7c-4324-9e2d-2bc9f4f4a029
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 84d83d09-42ff-424d-80f2-a35244368443
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