Influence of soybean population on the efficacy of glyphosate

dc.contributor.advisor Robert G. Hartzler
dc.contributor.author Arce Reyes, Guillermo
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.date 2018-08-24T19:39:35.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:08:49Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:08:49Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2006
dc.date.issued 2006-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Studies were conducted at three Iowa locations in 2005 and 2006 to test if a reduction in soybean seeding rate would reduce weed suppression and increase glyphosate efficacy. The cultivar H-2162 RR was planted at four seeding rates (240,000, 300,000, 360,000, and 420,000 seed ha-1) for both experiments. In the first experiment, treatments included glyphosate applied at V2, V4, V6, and V2+V6 soybean stage at Boone, Hancock and Story. Weed control efficacy was influenced more by application timing than by soybean seeding rate, while grain yield was influenced more by soybean population than application timing. Weed control was almost 100% at Boone and Story, while at Hancock delaying application until V6 weed control was only 88%. At the highest seeding rate compared to the lowest seeding rate at Boone, Hancock, and Story soybean yield increased 11, 20, and 11% respectively. In the second experiment, treatments included application of two glyphosate rates 0.5 and 1.0 kg ae ha-1 when common lambsquarters was 10 cm tall and soybean was at V6 stage. Herbicide interception was affected by plant population, whereas weed control was not affected. Common lambsquarters control was 100% at 21 DAA for both glyphosate rates. These results suggest that soybean population influenced grain yield under favorable or drought conditions. Soybean population also did not affect the efficacy of glyphosate. At places with high weed densities no single glyphosate application guarantees high grain yield. Under these conditions a second glyphosate application may be needed to protect yields.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/873/
dc.identifier.articleid 1872
dc.identifier.contextkey 6087619
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-11824
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/873
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/81750
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/873/1439905.PDF|||Sat Jan 15 02:16:09 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Agronomy
dc.subject.keywords Crop production and physiology
dc.title Influence of soybean population on the efficacy of glyphosate
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication fdd5c06c-bdbe-469c-a38e-51e664fece7a
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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