An evaluation of economic benefits of gentrification in St. Paul, Minnesota

dc.contributor.author Chuang, Hun-Zue
dc.contributor.department Community and Regional Planning
dc.date 2020-11-06T02:22:06.000
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-26T08:52:10Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-26T08:52:10Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2004
dc.date.issued 2004-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The purpose of this study is to answer the question of whether the process of gentrification provides economic benefits to the city. The study assumed that cities derive economic benefits from gentrification. First, the study classified St. Paul census tracts into gentrified and non-gentrified areas. Selection of indicators relied on the core definition of gentrification, that is, "class transformation." Therefore, education and occupation were selected as proxy indicators for gentrification. Then, housing values, employment, and family incomes were used as indicators of gentrification-derived benefits. By examining census data from 1970 to 1990 and using a t-test, the relationship between gentrification and median family incomes was confirmed. However, the data did not support a relationship between employment and gentrification. Only when employing the educational indicator in the first period of 1970-1980, did the result of the test indicate that a change in employment rate was associated with gentrification. For the relationship between median housing values and gentrification, the results were different for the two periods of 1970-1980 and 1980-1990. In the first period, the change in median housing values was significantly different for gentrified and non-gentrified tracts. This difference faded away when gentrification was defined by occupation and "both" indicators during 1980 and 1990 (the second period). In conclusion, the analysis documents that gentrification indeed has generated some economic benefits for the city of St. Paul.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/20385/
dc.identifier.articleid 21384
dc.identifier.contextkey 19953108
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-20201023-59
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/20385
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/97752
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/20385/Chuang_ISU_2004_C575.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 22:24:14 UTC 2022
dc.subject.keywords Community and regional planning
dc.title An evaluation of economic benefits of gentrification in St. Paul, Minnesota
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 89cad1dd-0d07-4067-a961-fe0e798c691f
thesis.degree.discipline Community and Regional Planning
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Community and Regional Planning
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