Novel Characterization Method of Biodiesel Produced from Soybean Oil using Thermogravimetric Analysis

Date
2008-06-01
Authors
Grewell, David
Chand, Priyanka
Venkat Reddy, Ch.
Verkade, John
Wang, Tong
Wang, Tong
Grewell, David
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Altmetrics
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Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Abstract

The aim of this study was to demonstrate thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) as a potential method for monitoring biodiesel production. Soybean oil and commercial biodiesel were mixed in different proportions by weight. Mixtures of different biodiesel/soybean oil ratios were also created by interrupting a base-catalyzed transesterification process for producing biodiesel at various times. The mixtures produced by both approaches were analyzed with TGA. The results were then compared with data obtained by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1HNMR spectroscopy). The relative weight losses in both sets of mixtures we generated correlated well to the proportion of biodiesel present in the sample. The results from both analytical methods were in good agreement and within a deviation of 5%. Thus, TGA is a simple, convenient and economical method for monitoring biodiesel production.

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This is an ASABE Meeting Presentation, Paper No. 084515.

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