Investigating Treatment Effects of Participating Jointly in SNAP and WIC when the Treatment Is Validated Only for SNAP

dc.contributor.author Jensen, Helen
dc.contributor.author Kreider, Brent
dc.contributor.author Zhylyevskyy, Oleksandr
dc.contributor.department Economics
dc.contributor.department Center for Agricultural and Rural Development
dc.date 2019-11-14T14:44:50.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:08:53Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:08:53Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2019
dc.date.issued 2019-07-01
dc.description.abstract <p>USDA operates several food assistance programs aimed at alleviating food insecurity. Little is known about how they interact. We focus on SNAP and WIC, two of the largest means-tested programs that provide resources to low-income households to purchase food and differ in several respects. Our question is the extent to which participation in both programs alleviates food insecurity compared with participation in SNAP alone. We bound underlying causal effects by applying nonparametric treatment effect methods that allow for endogenous selection and underreported program participation to data from the National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). FoodAPS contains administrative data to validate SNAP participation and data on the local food environment, including the cost of food, allowing us to tighten bounds on the causal effects. Under relatively weak assumptions about the selection process, combined with a food expenditure-based monotone instrumental variable, we identify that the marginal impact of participating in both programs is strictly positive. This finding provides evidence that the programs are nonredundant, which can aid policymakers in improving the design and targeting of food assistance programs. The methods showcase what can be learned about treatment effects when validation data are available for one program but not the other.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is a working paper of an article published as Jensen, Helen H., Brent Kreider, and Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy. "Investigating treatment effects of participating jointly in SNAP and WIC when the treatment is validated only for SNAP." <em>Southern Economic Journal</em> 86 (2019):124-155. doi: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1002/soej.12365">10.1002/soej.12365</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/econ_las_pubs/665/
dc.identifier.articleid 1677
dc.identifier.contextkey 15774463
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath econ_las_pubs/665
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/21903
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.uri https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1069&context=econ_workingpapers
dc.subject.disciplines Economic Policy
dc.subject.disciplines Food Security
dc.subject.disciplines Health Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Public Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Social Welfare
dc.subject.keywords SNAP
dc.subject.keywords WIC
dc.subject.keywords FoodAPS
dc.subject.keywords validation data
dc.subject.keywords nonparametric bounds
dc.subject.keywords partial identification
dc.subject.keywords average treatment effect
dc.title Investigating Treatment Effects of Participating Jointly in SNAP and WIC when the Treatment Is Validated Only for SNAP
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 4c5aa914-a84a-4951-ab5f-3f60f4b65b3d
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 1a6be5f1-4f64-4e48-bb66-03bbcc25c76d
File
Collections