Winter Rye Cover Crop Biomass Production, Degradation, And N Recycling

dc.contributor.author Sawyer, John
dc.contributor.author Pantoja, J. L.
dc.contributor.author Sawyer, J. E.
dc.contributor.author Barker, D. W.
dc.contributor.author Barker, Daniel
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.date 2018-02-18T08:52:09.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T23:02:19Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T23:02:19Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2012
dc.date.embargo 2017-04-11
dc.date.issued 2012-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Winter rye (Secale cereale L.) as a cover crop can take up residual inorganic N between annual row crops and therefore be used to help reduce NO3 -–N loss from fields and movement to water systems. However, does the rye N uptake affect N recycling to soil and add to plant available N? The rye carbon:nitrogen (C:N) ratio could also influence N recycling. The objectives of this study were to evaluate rye biomass degradation and N recycling after spring rye termination in a no-till corn (Zea mays L.) - soybean [Glycine max. (L.) Merr.] rotation. A two year experiment (2010-2011) was conducted at four Iowa sites. Treatments included N rate applied to prior year corn (0, 135, and 225 kg N ha-1) and time for rye degradation after rye control. Only time was considered for rye following soybean. Rye was collected from representative plots, put into nylon mesh bags, and placed on the surface of corresponding plots. Bags were collected after 1, 3, 9, and 15 weeks to measure remaining rye biomass dry matter (DM), C, and N. The average rye biomass production and rye N uptake were low and variable across sites and years (average < 2300 kg DM ha-1 and < 45 kg N ha-1, respectively). Rye biomass, C and N consistently decreased across the 15 weeks, with the rate of degradation slower as time progressed. An average 64% of the rye following corn and 60% of the rye following soybean was decomposed after 15 weeks. Nitrogen recycling due to rye biomass decomposition was greater when following soybean (77%) than when following corn (60%), and this is probably due to its lower C:N ratio (14 vs. 20, respectively). Coupled with the low total rye N content, the amount of N released from the rye residue was only 13 and 21 kg N ha-1, respectively following corn and soybean. The low rye N uptake and net N release from rye residue indicates there would be only a small influence on plant available soil N during the growing season or on optimal N fertilization rate for corn.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is a proceeding from <em>42nd North Central Extension-Industry Soil Fertility Conference </em>28 (2012): 96. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_conf/51/
dc.identifier.articleid 1044
dc.identifier.contextkey 10002813
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath agron_conf/51
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/4392
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_conf/51/0-IPNI_Permission.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:43:29 UTC 2022
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_conf/51/2012_Sawyer_WinterRye.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:43:30 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Health and Protection
dc.title Winter Rye Cover Crop Biomass Production, Degradation, And N Recycling
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 17ce8a78-56b3-47be-abcb-b22968be40f2
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 9c31ee99-d456-4aef-8e50-5c46e4e21cd7
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication fdd5c06c-bdbe-469c-a38e-51e664fece7a
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