AgBufferBuilder: A geographic information system (GIS) tool for precision design and performance assessment of filter strips

dc.contributor.author Dosskey, Mike
dc.contributor.author Neelakantan, Surendran
dc.contributor.author Helmers, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Mueller, Tom
dc.contributor.author Kellerman, Todd
dc.contributor.author Helmers, Matt
dc.contributor.author Rienzi, Eduardo
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-17T15:39:00.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:42:15Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:42:15Z
dc.date.issued 2015-07-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Spatially nonuniform runoff reduces the water quality performance of constant-width filter strips. A geographic information system (GIS)-based tool was developed and tested that employs terrain analysis to account for spatially nonuniform runoff and produce more effective filter strip designs. The computer program, AgBufferBuilder, runs with ArcGIS versions 10.0 and 10.1 (Esri, Redlands, California) and uses digital elevation models to identify detailed spatial patterns of overland runoff to field margins. The tool then sizes filter dimensions according to those patterns using buffer area ratio relationships. The resulting design is larger along segments where more runoff flows and smaller along segments where runoff is less and delivers a constant level of trapping efficiency around the field margin for sediment and sediment-bound pollutants. The tool also can estimate trapping efficiency of existing filter strips or hypothetical configurations. In a validation test, estimates of sediment trapping efficiency using the tool's assessment function compared closely to measurements taken on large field plots in central Iowa. Using AgBufferBuilder, designs developed for a sample of fields in the midwestern United States were estimated to trap nearly double the sediment, on average, during a design storm than constant-width configurations having equivalent total filter area. AgBufferBuilder can be used to bolster environmental performance of filter strips where runoff is spatially nonuniform. The AgBufferBuilder tool is publicly available on the websites <a href="http://www2.ca.uky.edu/BufferBuilder">http://www2.ca.uky.edu/BufferBuilder</a> and <a href="http://nac.unl.edu/tools/AgBufferBuilder">http://nac.unl.edu/tools/AgBufferBuilder</a>.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Journal of Soil and Water Conservation</em> 70 (2015): 209–217, doi:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.2489/jswc.70.4.209" target="_blank">10.2489/jswc.70.4.209</a>.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/738/
dc.identifier.articleid 2021
dc.identifier.contextkey 8417940
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/738
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/1534
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/738/2015_Dosskey_AgBufferBuilderGeographic.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 01:46:56 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.2489/jswc.70.4.209
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Forest Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Geographic Information Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Digital elevation model
dc.subject.keywords Nonpoint pollution
dc.subject.keywords Precision conservation
dc.subject.keywords Terrain analysis
dc.subject.keywords Vegetative buffer
dc.subject.keywords Water quality
dc.title AgBufferBuilder: A geographic information system (GIS) tool for precision design and performance assessment of filter strips
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 26a812e6-e6de-44ff-b7ea-d2459ae1903c
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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