Magnetohydrodynamic Control of Interfacial Degradation in Lithium-Ion Batteries for Fast Charging Applications

Date
2021-09-15
Authors
Sarkar, Abhishek
Nlebedim, Ikenna C.
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American Chemical Society
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Mechanical Engineering
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Ames Laboratory
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Mechanical EngineeringAmes Laboratory
Abstract
Interfacial anodic degradation in graphitic materials under fast charging conditions causes severe performance loss and safety hazard in lithium ion batteries. We present a novel method for minimizing the growth of these aging mechanism by application of an external magnetic field. Under magnetic field, paramagnetic lithium ions experience a magnetohydrodynamic force, which rotates the perpendicularly diffusing species and homogenizes the ionic transport. This phenomenon minimizes the overpotential hotspots at the anode/separator interface, consequently reducing SEI growth, lithium plating, and interfacial fracture. In situ electrochemical measurements indicate an improvement in capacity for lithium cobalt oxide/graphite pouch cell (20 mAh) charged from 1–5 C under an applied field of 1.8 kG, with a maximum capacity gain of 22% at 5C. Post-mortem FE-SEM and EDS mapping shows that samples charged with magnetic field have a reduced lithium deposition at 3C and a complete suppression of interfacial fracture at 5C. At 5C, a 24% reduction in the lithium content is observed by performing XPS on the anodic interfacial film. Finally, fast charging performance under variable magnetic field strengths indicate a saturation behavior in capacity at high fields (>2 kG), thereby limiting the field and consequent energy requirements to obtain maximum capacity gain under extreme conditions.
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This document is the unedited Author’s version of a Submitted Work that was subsequently accepted for publication in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, copyright © 2021 American Chemical Society after peer review. To access the final edited and published work see DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c10788. Posted with permission.
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magneto-electrochemical, electromagnetism, magnetohydrodynamic force, fast charging, film deposition, lithium-ion battery
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