CALL-infused project-based learning: a case study of adult ESL students learning prepositions

dc.contributor.advisor Tammy Slater
dc.contributor.author Lee, Susan
dc.contributor.department English
dc.date 2018-08-11T12:54:08.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:54:52Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:54:52Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2014-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Project-based learning (PBL) with computers has become a topic of interest, and there has been a call for research to determine whether they facilitate learning and motivate students. This case study examines how English as a second language (ESL) adult learners' proficiency with prepositions was affected by project-based learning with enhanced input, explicit instruction, and production practice using the software program Hot Potatoes. The 14 participants were part of an intermediate ESL class offered by a Midwestern community college in the U.S. The students were divided into three different levels: low, intermediate, and high. The students then were divided into three main mixed-level groups, and each group was given a handout with a different set of grammatical rules. Each group was asked to create a 16-item multiple-choice quiz based on the rules in the handout. Following this, each group entered another group's 16 multiple-choice quiz into the software program, Hot Potatoes. In the final stage, each group took a Hot Potatoes quiz made by another group whose work they had not yet been exposed to. In addition, the students studied a list of 16 prepositions outside of class; the list was not part of the project. The students took a pre-, post-, and delayed posttest and were interviewed about their opinions about the project and the list.</p> <p>The results of the one-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that there was a significant gain in pre-post test scores for the project. Although preferences and scores did not correlate, qualitative findings suggest that the intermediate and high-level students preferred the project, whereas the low-level students preferred the list. Ten students used strategies that were used during the project, such as forming rules for prepositions or finding example sentences on the Internet, to help them study the list. Thus, the qualitative data suggested that students transferred the strategies to a new context. Eleven students stated they would like to do a similar project in the future.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/14174/
dc.identifier.articleid 5181
dc.identifier.contextkey 7766109
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-3723
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/14174
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/28360
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/14174/Lee_iastate_0097M_14581.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:15:30 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education
dc.subject.disciplines English Language and Literature
dc.subject.keywords Teaching English as a Second Language/Applied Linguistics
dc.subject.keywords Teaching English as a Second Language/Applied Linguistics (Computer-Assisted Lanugage Learning)
dc.subject.keywords CALL
dc.subject.keywords Teaching English as a Second Language
dc.subject.keywords Applied Linguistics
dc.subject.keywords Computer-Assisted Language Learning
dc.subject.keywords English as a second language
dc.subject.keywords prepositions
dc.subject.keywords project-based learning
dc.title CALL-infused project-based learning: a case study of adult ESL students learning prepositions
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication a7f2ac65-89b1-4c12-b0c2-b9bb01dd641b
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts
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