Analysis of the use of the "CASH" Dispatch Kit captive bolt gun as a single stage euthanasia process for pigs

Thumbnail Image
Woods, Jennifer
Major Professor
Suzanne T. Millman
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Organizational Unit
Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
The mission of VDPAM is to educate current and future food animal veterinarians, population medicine scientists and stakeholders by increasing our understanding of issues that impact the health, productivity and well-being of food and fiber producing animals; developing innovative solutions for animal health and food safety; and providing the highest quality, most comprehensive clinical practice and diagnostic services. Our department is made up of highly trained specialists who span a wide range of veterinary disciplines and species interests. We have faculty of all ranks with expertise in diagnostics, medicine, surgery, pathology, microbiology, epidemiology, public health, and production medicine. Most have earned certification from specialty boards. Dozens of additional scientists and laboratory technicians support the research and service components of our department.
Journal Issue
Is Version Of

The objective of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of the "CASH" Dispatch Kit as single step euthanasia method for pigs in a laboratory and in a commercial farm setting. Effectiveness was analyzed based on reliability as a single step method of euthanasia of pigs across 6 weight classes. Forty-two commercial pigs were enrolled in the lab trial and 209 in the commercial setting. Enrollment was based on weight classes, sex and skull shape. The weight classes were 2-3kg, 7.5-10 kg, 15-20 kg, 30-40 kg, 100-120 kg, 200+ kg. Four styles of captive bolt gun heads were used - a non-penetrating head, a short penetrating bolt, a medium penetrating bolt and an extended penetrating bolt. Each pig was euthanized with the "Cash" Dispatch Kit. Death was determined according to cessation of cardiac and respiratory function. All pigs in the 5 lightest weight classes were effectively euthanized. Eleven of the 72 pigs in the heaviest weight class required a secondary method. With proper application and correct selection of bolt length and cartridge size, the "CASH" Dispatch Kit is an effective one step euthanasia method for pigs under 200 kg. However once pigs weigh 200 kg or more a secondary step may be required.

Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2012