Suppressing Impacts of the Amazonian Deforestation by the Global Circulation Change

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Chen, Tsing-Chang
Yoon, Jin-ho
St. Croix, Kathryn
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Takle, Eugene
Distinguished Professor Emeritus
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The Department of Aerospace Engineering seeks to instruct the design, analysis, testing, and operation of vehicles which operate in air, water, or space, including studies of aerodynamics, structure mechanics, propulsion, and the like.

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Ames National Laboratory

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The Department of Agronomy seeks to teach the study of the farm-field, its crops, and its science and management. It originally consisted of three sub-departments to do this: Soils, Farm-Crops, and Agricultural Engineering (which became its own department in 1907). Today, the department teaches crop sciences and breeding, soil sciences, meteorology, agroecology, and biotechnology.

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Analyzing the Global Historical Climatology Network, outgoing longwave radiation, and NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data over the Amazon Basin, the authors find a clear interdecadal increasing trend over the past four decades in both rainfall and intensity of the hydrological cycle. These interdecadal variations are a result of the interdecadal change of the global divergent circulation. On the contrary, the impact of the Amazon deforestation as evaluated by all numerical studies has found a reduction of rainfall and evaporation, and an increase of temperature in the Amazon Basin extending its dry season. Evidently, the interdecadal trend of the basin's hydrological cycle revealed from observations functions in a course opposite to the deforestation scenario. Results of this study suggest that future studies analyzing the impact of the basin–scale deforestation on the regional hydrological cycle and climate should be reassessed with multidecade numerical simulations including both schemes handling the land–surface processes and the mechanism generating proper interdecadal variation of the global divergent circulation.


This article is published as Chen, Tsing-Chang, Jin-ho Yoon, Kathryn J. St. Croix, and Eugene S. Takle. "Suppressing impacts of the Amazonian deforestation by the global circulation change." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 82, no. 10 (2001): 2209-2216. DOI:10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<2209:SIOTAD>2.3.CO;2. Posted with permission.

Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2001