Predicting help-seeking attitudes and intentions in a Latino/a sample

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2009-01-01
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Cantazaro, Amy
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Meifen Wei
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Psychology
The Department of Psychology may prepare students with a liberal study, or for work in academia or professional education for law or health-services. Graduates will be able to apply the scientific method to human behavior and mental processes, as well as have ample knowledge of psychological theory and method.
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There were two main goals of this study. The first goal was to test the generalizability of the help-seeking model developed by Vogel, Wester, Wei, and Boysen (2005) in a Latino/a college student sample. The second goal of this study was to assess whether the model fit would be improved when three culture-related, independent variables (i.e., acculturation, enculturation, and cultural congruity of local mental health services) were added into Vogel et al.'s (2005) model. Participants were 424 students all of whom self-identified as Latino, Latina, or Hispanic. Data were analyzed using path analysis. Indirect effects were assessed using a bootstrapping technique. Results indicate that the original model developed by Vogel et al. (2005) for predicting help-seeking attitudes and intentions can be applied to a Latino/a sample. More specifically, comfort with self-disclosure, sex (being female), anticipated utility, social norm, and previous treatment were positively associated with attitudes toward seeking professional help. Social support, social stigma, and self-stigma were negatively related with attitudes toward seeking professional help. Attitudes toward seeking counseling was, in turn, related to intentions to seek help for all three concerns (i.e., interpersonal, drug/alcohol, and academic). Moreover, results of the bootstrap analysis indicate all of these indirect effects are statistically significant. Regarding the direct effects, current distress level and anticipated utility were both positively related to intentions to seek help for interpersonal and academic issues while anticipated utility was negatively related to intentions to seek help for interpersonal and drug/alcohol concerns. The results also indicate that the inclusion of acculturation in the model significantly added to the prediction of intentions to seek help for drug or alcohol concerns in this group.

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Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2009