Tibial stress during running following a repeated calf‐raise protocol

Thumbnail Image
Rice, Hannah
Kenny, Megan
Ellison, Matthew
Fulford, Jon
Meardon, Stacey
Hamill, Joseph
Major Professor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Derrick, Timothy
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Organizational Unit
The Department of Kinesiology seeks to provide an ample knowledge of physical activity and active living to students both within and outside of the program; by providing knowledge of the role of movement and physical activity throughout the lifespan, it seeks to improve the lives of all members of the community. Its options for students enrolled in the department include: Athletic Training; Community and Public Health; Exercise Sciences; Pre-Health Professions; and Physical Education Teacher Licensure. The Department of Physical Education was founded in 1974 from the merger of the Department of Physical Education for Men and the Department of Physical Education for Women. In 1981 its name changed to the Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies. In 1993 its name changed to the Department of Health and Human Performance. In 2007 its name changed to the Department of Kinesiology. Dates of Existence: 1974-present. Historical Names: Department of Physical Education (1974-1981), Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies (1981-1993), Department of Health and Human Performance (1993-2007). Related Units: College of Human Sciences (parent college), College of Education (parent college, 1974 - 2005), Department of Physical Education for Women (predecessor) Department of Physical Education for Men
Journal Issue
Is Version Of

Abstract Tibial stress fractures are a problematic injury amongst runners. Increased loading of the tibia has been observed following prolonged weight‐bearing activity and is suggested to be the result of reduced activity of the plantar flexor muscles. The musculature that spans the tibia contributes to bending of the bone and influences the magnitude of stress on the tibia during running. Participant‐specific models of the tibia can be used as a non‐invasive estimate of tibial stress. This study aimed to quantify tibial stress during running using participant‐specific bone geometry and to compare tibial stress before and after a protocol of repeated muscular contractions of the plantar flexor muscle group. Fourteen participants who run recreationally were included in the final analysis of the study. Synchronised force and kinematic data were collected during overground running before and after an exhaustive, weighted calf‐raise protocol. Bending moments and stress at the distal third of the tibia were estimated using beam theory combined with inverse dynamics and musculoskeletal modelling. Bone geometry was obtained from magnetic resonance images. There was no difference in stress at the anterior, posterior, medial or lateral peripheries of the tibia after the calf‐raise protocol compared with before. These findings suggest that an exhaustive, repeated calf‐raise protocol did not alter tibial stress during running.


This accepted article is published as Rice, H.M., Kenny, M., Ellison, M.A., Fulford, J., Meardon, S.A., Derrick, T.R., Hamill, J., Tibial stress during running following a repeated calf‐raise protocol. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, August 5 2020. Doi: 10.1111/sms.13794. Posted with permission.

Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2020