Cryptosporidium parvum Initiates Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Germfree T Cell Receptor-α-Deficient Mice

dc.contributor.author Sacco, Randy
dc.contributor.author Haynes, Joseph
dc.contributor.author Harp, James
dc.contributor.author Waters, W. Ray
dc.contributor.author Wannemeuhler, Michael
dc.contributor.department Veterinary Pathology
dc.date 2018-02-18T23:35:51.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-07T05:16:13Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-07T05:16:13Z
dc.date.issued 1998-12-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Flora-bearing mice with targeted disruption of T cell receptor (TCR)-α or -β genes spontaneously develop intestinal inflammation with features similar to ulcerative colitis in humans. TCR-α-deficient mice maintained germfree or colonized with a limited number of intestinal bacteria failed to develop inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-like lesions. Evidently, inflammation in these mice does not develop spontaneously or result from a generalized antigenic stimulation, but rather requires induction by a heretofore unidentified specific stimulus. We describe the development of IBD-like lesions in germfree TCR-α-deficient mice monoassociated with the protozoan <em>Cryptosporidium parvum</em>. Lesions were seen in distal ileum, cecum, and colon and were most severe in the cecum. A prominent leukocytic infiltrate within the lamina propria was a common characteristic of the lesions observed in the <em>C. parvum</em>-infected germfree TCR-α-deficient mice. The leukocytic infiltrate was composed of aggregates of B220+cells, the majority of which expressed surface IgD (ie, conventional B lymphocytes). It has been proposed that antigenic stimulation by a microorganism(s) is needed to initiate intestinal inflammation in TCR-α-deficient mice. Our results indicate that a single microbial species, <em>C. parvum</em>, is capable of triggering the development of IBD-like lesions in germfree TCR-α-deficient mice.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Sacco, Randy E., Joseph S. Haynes, James A. Harp, W. Ray Waters, and Michael J. Wannemuehler. "Cryptosporidium parvum initiates inflammatory bowel disease in germfree T cell receptor-α-deficient mice." The American journal of pathology 153, no. 6 (1998): 1717-1722. doi: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65686-6" target="_blank" title="Persistent link using digital object identifier">10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65686-6</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
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dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/vpath_pubs/90/
dc.identifier.articleid 1093
dc.identifier.contextkey 10868813
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath vpath_pubs/90
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/92520
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/vpath_pubs/90/1998_Haynes_CryptosporidiumParvum.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:26:55 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65686-6
dc.subject.disciplines Genetics and Genomics
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology, and Public Health
dc.title Cryptosporidium parvum Initiates Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Germfree T Cell Receptor-α-Deficient Mice
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 8c426a1b-1e25-4efc-9283-518a1a6522ed
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication cf38d7e3-b5f8-4859-83e3-ae8fab6a4c5f
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