Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs) simulation for standardized ppe contamination using a cone calorimeter

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Date
2023-05
Authors
Wu, Yulin
Li, Rui
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The Netherlands Institute for Public Safety (Nederlands Instituut Publieke Veiligheid, NIPV)
Authors
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Song, Guowen
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Organizational Unit
Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management

The Department of Apparel, Education Studies, and Hospitality Management provides an interdisciplinary look into areas of aesthetics, leadership, event planning, entrepreneurship, and multi-channel retailing. It consists of four majors: Apparel, Merchandising, and Design; Event Management; Family and Consumer Education and Studies; and Hospitality Management.

History
The Department of Apparel, Education Studies, and Hospitality Management was founded in 2001 from the merging of the Department of Family and Consumer Sciences Education and Studies; the Department of Textiles and Clothing, and the Department of Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Management.

Dates of Existence
2001 - present

Related Units

  • College of Human Sciences (parent college)
  • Department of Family and Consumer Sciences Education and Studies (predecessor)
  • Department of Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional Management (predecessor)
  • Department of Textiles and Clothing (predecessor)
  • Trend Magazine (student organization)

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Abstract
Firefighters’ occupational exposure leads to adverse long-term health issues such as cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Fire departments, personal protective equipment (PPE) manufacturers, and national occupational protection organizations are becoming more aware of the dangers firefighters face in the line of duty. Long-term exposure to combustion products such as fine particles, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), heavy metals, and other contaminants existing in the fire scene, and contaminated PPE are the triggers to these diseases. To assess the efficacy and efficiency of smoke protection (resistance) and maintenance (decontamination) of firefighter’s PPE, an appropriate hazard simulation is necessary. It’s critical to simulate a representative level of contamination and apply that to PPE exposure for both research needs and decontamination standard development consistently. Both field and laboratory research have provided measures on the emission from material combustion. Large-scale field combustion intends to provide more realistic simulations, while bench-scale simulation often measures the accurate emission from individual material combustion. To apply this for industry and occupation standards, a contamination simulation in small scale with representative emission resembling large-scale combustion is expected. The consistency of emission and similarity to the field contaminants are two critical criteria. This study targets 16 EPA PAHs as major hazardous compounds to measure these two criteria.
Comments
This presentation is published as Wu, Y., Li, R., Song, G., Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pahs) simulation for standardized ppe contamination using a cone calorimeter. Presented at NIPV 10th European Conference on Protective Clothing: Protection challenges in a changing world. Arnhem, The Netherlands, May 9-12, 2023, Session 8; 100-102. Posted with permission.
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