Assessment of usage of hydrogen as alternative fuel into NETPLAN

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Gonzalez Marciaga, Lizbeth
Major Professor
James D. McCalley
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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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Hydrogen has been promoted as an alternative carrier for use in fuel cell driven light-duty vehicles in the transportation sector that can mitigate the energy security and environmental issues associated with petroleum dependence. However, the major challenge to hydrogen deployment is the lack of an existing infrastructure for producing, delivering and refueling. Additionally, there are uncertainties and risks involved in the introduction of a new vehicle technology to the market which inhibits related investment.

An extended-term (e.g., 40 years) evaluation of economics, performance, and environmental impact of large-scale hydrogen deployment is necessary to effectively evaluate its value. The multi-stage network flow optimization model NETPLAN has been used to perform such an evaluation in this work, where performance has been assessed in terms of overall economics and carbon dioxide emissions associated with both the light-duty vehicle and the electric power generation sectors. Conclusions vary dependent on the price of gasoline, the price of natural gas, the cost imposed on carbon dioxide emissions, the composition of the electric power generation portfolio, and the relative cost of gasoline-fueled, fuel cell, and pluggable hybrid electric light-duty vehicles.

Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2013