Results of the 2016 UT Modeling Benchmark Obtained with Models Implemented in CIVA

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Toullelan, Gwénaël
Raillon, Raphaële
Mahaut, Steve
Chatillon, Sylvain
Lonne, Sébastien
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Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation
Center for Nondestructive Evaluation

Begun in 1973, the Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE) is the premier international NDE meeting designed to provide an interface between research and early engineering through the presentation of current ideas and results focused on facilitating a rapid transfer to engineering development.

This site provides free, public access to papers presented at the annual QNDE conference between 1983 and 1999, and abstracts for papers presented at the conference since 2001.


For several years, the World Federation of NDE Centers, WFNDEC, proposes benchmark studies in which simulated results (in either ultrasonic, X-rays or eddy current NDT configurations) obtained with various models are compared to experiments. This year the proposed UT benchmark concerns inspection configurations with multi-skips echoes. This technique is commonly used to inspect thin specimen and/or in case of limited access inspection. This technique relies on the use of T45° mode in order to avoid mode conversion and to facilitate the interpretation of the echoes. To evaluate the influence of the beam divergence on the detectability after several skips, inspections were done with two probes working at 5MHz, with two different apertures. To simplify coupling conditions and probe parameters adjustment, inspections were done using full immersion technique.

This communication presents the results obtained for this benchmark with the models implemented in the CIVA software. The results concern echoes from Side Drilled Holes (SDH) and vertical breaking notches after several skips of the beam on the surface and the bottom of a planar block (as displayed in Figure 1). In CIVA, the field radiated by the probe is computed by applying the so-called pencil-model, the PTD approximation (based on Kirchhoff and GTD models) is then applied to predict the response of notches and the SOV (Separation of Variables) model is used for the SDH responses. The comparison between simulated and experimental results are presented and discussed.