Planning and provision of Public Infrastructure: A case study of drainage canals in Tema, Ghana Gyan, Kwadwo
dc.contributor.department Community and Regional Planning
dc.contributor.majorProfessor Francis Owusu
dc.contributor.majorProfessor Jane Rongerude 2019-09-22T17:39:38.000 2020-06-30T01:34:02Z 2020-06-30T01:34:02Z Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2019 2019-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Rapid urbanization is a threat to the efficient and proactive provision of basic urban infrastructure. Nonetheless, existing formal regulations and design standards in Ghanaian cities are often outmoded, too expensive, cumbersome to implement and inconsistent with the incremental urban development practices that are prevalent. In response, many urban residents have resorted to self-financing and -provision of their basic infrastructure based on their resource capacities- time, money, and labor. The report explores this situation in Tema, a Ghanaian city with both planned and unplanned neighborhoods, with a focus on its drainage systems. The study addresses the broader question: How are drainage systems planned and provided in the rapidly urbanizing city of Tema. Using a comparative analytical and multi-scalar approach, the study examines the quality, connectivity and availability of drains and its relationship with formal regulations, standards and approaches adopted in three neighborhoods. We found that there is a general lack of connectivity and poor quality in the drainage system in both planned and unplanned areas. The local government is expected to finance and provide drainage canals. However, currently, the financing and provision of drainage canals by local residents have become the norm due to delays or the lack proactive provisioning of drains by the local government. Residents who are able to afford planned estate areas have the opportunity of having drainage canals provided as part of their purchased/mortgaged housing. Yet, this opportunity is not accessible to most residents who purchase non-estate housing, representing 90 percent of Ghana’s housing stock.</p>
dc.format.mimetype PDF
dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1380
dc.identifier.contextkey 14987134
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath creativecomponents/311
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 23:31:29 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Urban, Community and Regional Planning
dc.subject.keywords Public infrastructure
dc.subject.keywords drainage systems
dc.subject.keywords flooding
dc.subject.keywords Ghana.
dc.title Planning and provision of Public Infrastructure: A case study of drainage canals in Tema, Ghana
dc.type article
dc.type.genre creativecomponent
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 89cad1dd-0d07-4067-a961-fe0e798c691f Community and Regional Planning creativecomponent
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