Electric field-induced phase transitions in (111)-, (110)-, and (100)-oriented Pb(Mg1∕3Nb2∕3)O3 single crystals

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2007-03-13
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Zhao, X.
Qu, W.
Bokov, A.
Ye, Z.-G.
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Tan, Xiaoli
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Materials Science and Engineering

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering teaches the composition, microstructure, and processing of materials as well as their properties, uses, and performance. These fields of research utilize technologies in metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, and electronic materials.

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The Department of Materials Science and Engineering was formed in 1975 from the merger of the Department of Ceramics Engineering and the Department of Metallurgical Engineering.

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1975-present

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Electric field-induced phase transitions were investigated in (111), (110), and (100) thin platelets of relaxor ferroelectric Pb(Mg1∕3Nb2∕3)O3 single crystals with electric fields applied along the ⟨111⟩, ⟨110⟩, and ⟨100⟩ directions, respectively. Temperature dependences of complex dielectric permittivity, pyroelectric current and dielectric hysteresis loops were investigated. Electric field-temperature (E-T) phase diagrams were proposed for the different directions of the field. Alongside with the high-temperature ergodic relaxor phase and the low-temperature glassy nonergodic relaxor phase existing at E=0, the ferroelectric phase may appear in the diagram at the fields higher than the threshold field (Eth). The temperature of the first-order transition between ergodic relaxor and ferroelectric phases (TC) was located in field cooling and field heating after field-cooling regimes. For the ⟨111⟩ field direction, TC is higher and Eth is lower than for the other directions. For the ⟨100⟩ direction, TC is the lowest and Eth is the highest. The critical point bounding the TC(E) line when the field is applied in ⟨111⟩ direction [ Z. Kutnjak, J. Petzelt and R. Blinc Nature 441 956 (2006)] is not observed in the ⟨110⟩ and ⟨100⟩ directions up to the highest applied field of 7.5 kV∕cm. Extrapolation of experimental data suggests that the critical point for the ⟨110⟩ and ⟨100⟩ directions (if any) can be expected only at much higher fields. In the hysteresis loops experiments performed after zero-field cooling, the lower temperature limit is determined above which a ferroelectric phase can be induced from the frozen glassy state at a given field strength or the polarization of the induced ferroelectric phase can be reversed. This limit is located at much lower temperatures in the (100) platelet than in the (110) or (111) platelets. An additional ferroelectric rhombohedral to ferroelectric orthorhombic phase transition occurs in the (110) platelet at high electric fields (∼20 kV∕cm). The mechanisms of the field-induced transformation from the glassy nonergodic relaxor phase or the ergodic relaxor phase to the ferroelectric phase are discussed.

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This article is from Physical Review B 75 (2007): 104106, doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.75.104106.

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Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2007
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