An approximate Bayesian inference on propensity score estimation under unit nonresponse
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Nonresponse weighting adjustment using the response propensity score is a popular tool for handling unit nonresponse. Statistical inference after the non- response weighting adjustment is complicated because the effect of estimating the propensity model parameter needs to be incorporated. In this paper, we propose an approximate Bayesian approach to handle unit nonresponse with parametric model assumptions on the response probability, but without model assumptions for the outcome variable. The proposed Bayesian method is cal- ibrated to the frequentist inference in that the credible region obtained from the posterior distribution asymptotically matches to the frequentist confidence interval obtained from the Taylor linearization method. Unlike the frequentist approach, however, the proposed method does not involve Taylor linearization. The proposed method can be extended to handle over-identified cases in which there are more estimating equations than the parameters. Besides, the proposed method can also be modified to handle nonignorable nonresponse. Results from two simulation studies confirm the validity of the proposed methods, which are then applied to data from a Korean longitudinal survey.
This is a pre-print made available through arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1702.03453.