Within-field Pathogenic Diversity of Phytophthora sojae in Commercial Soybean Fields in Iowa
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Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRR), caused by the oomycete Phytophthora sojae, is an economically important soybean disease in the north central region of the United States, including Iowa. Previous surveys of the pathogenic diversity of P. sojae in Iowa did not investigate whether multiple pathotypes of the pathogen existed in individual fields. Considering the many pathotypes of P. sojae that have been reported in Iowa, we hypothesized multiple pathotypes could exist within single fields. In the research reported herein, several soil samples were collected systematically from each of two commercial fields with a history of PRR in Iowa, and each soil sample was baited separately for isolates of P. sojae. Numerous pathotypes of P. sojae were detected from both fields. As many as four pathotypes were detected in some soil samples (each consisting of six to eight soil cores), which suggests that a single soybean plant could be subjected to infection by more than one pathotype. This possibility presents important implications in breeding resistant cultivars and in the management of PRR.
This article is published as Robertson, A. E., Cianzio, S. R., Cerra, S. M., and Pope, R. O. 2009. Within-field pathogenic diversity of Phytophthora sojae in commercial soybean fields in Iowa. Online. Plant Health Progress doi: 10.1094/PHP-2009-0908-01-RS. Posted with permission.