Recovery challenges of public housing residents after disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina after Hurricane Matthew

dc.contributor.advisor Sara Hamideh
dc.contributor.author Khajehei, Sayma
dc.contributor.department Community and Regional Planning
dc.date 2019-11-04T21:51:13.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:18:45Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:18:45Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Aug 01 00:00:00 UTC 2019
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2019-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Social vulnerability acknowledges that social structures shape disaster vulnerabilities and recovery outcomes. Public housing residents are one of the most socially vulnerable people that experience significant losses in disasters. Many factors, such as lower income and limited access to information, cause a delay in the housing recovery of public housing tenants. To explore these challenges, I examined the disaster impacts and recovery of public housing units in Lumberton, North Carolina, following the floods induced by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. This research is a part of an interdisciplinary recovery-based field study conducted by the Center of Excellence for Community Resilience Planning funded by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.</p> <p>Hurricane Matthew made landfall in North Carolina on October 8, 2016, as a Category 1 storm. Several communities, including Lumberton, were devastated by heavy rainfall and the river flooding that occurred after Hurricane Matthew. Lumberton is a socioeconomically diverse community with 729 public housing units, many of which got damaged after the floods. Extensive damages have led to the displacement of many public housing families.</p> <p>Using descriptive statistics, mapping, and qualitative analysis, I investigated the recovery progress and challenges of public housing residents. Data on race, income, and housing tenure of the residents at Block Group level were collected from the 2015 ACS-5-year estimation to map the social vulnerability and overlaid with the location of the public housings and the spatial distribution of residential damages. Also, household survey data on disaster impacts, recovery resources, decisions, and dislocations were collected using longitudinal field study surveys conducted in December 2016 shortly after the flooding, and January 2018 one year after the disaster. Furthermore, In-depth interviews with local officials in Lumberton were utilized to examine recovery challenges and progress.</p> <p>Findings show that housing tenure, race, and poverty make up the most significant portion of public housing residents’ vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities resulted in widespread damages to public housing developments and lengthy displacement of the public housing developments. State’s priorities in recovery, absence of strong voice advocating for recovery of affordable housing, funding resources, and allocations influence the pace of the recovery of public housing residents.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/17483/
dc.identifier.articleid 8490
dc.identifier.contextkey 15681496
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/17483
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/31666
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/17483/Khajehei_iastate_0097M_18170.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:23:57 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Urban, Community and Regional Planning
dc.subject.disciplines Urban Studies and Planning
dc.subject.keywords disaster
dc.subject.keywords housing recovery
dc.subject.keywords Hurricane Matthew
dc.subject.keywords public housing
dc.subject.keywords social vulnerability
dc.title Recovery challenges of public housing residents after disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina after Hurricane Matthew
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 89cad1dd-0d07-4067-a961-fe0e798c691f
thesis.degree.discipline Community and Regional Planning
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Community and Regional Planning
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