Comparison of Phytophthora sojae Populations in Iowa and Nebraska to Identify Effective Rps Genes for Phytophthora Stem and Root Rot Management

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2021
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Matthiesen, Rashelle
Schmidt, Clarice
Garnica, Vinicius
Giesler, Loren
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© 2021 The American Phytopathological Society
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Plant Pathology and Microbiology
The Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology and the Department of Entomology officially merged as of September 1, 2022. The new department is known as the Department of Plant Pathology, Entomology, and Microbiology (PPEM). The overall mission of the Department is to benefit society through research, teaching, and extension activities that improve pest management and prevent disease. Collectively, the Department consists of about 100 faculty, staff, and students who are engaged in research, teaching, and extension activities that are central to the mission of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. The Department possesses state-of-the-art research and teaching facilities in the Advanced Research and Teaching Building and in Science II. In addition, research and extension activities are performed off-campus at the Field Extension Education Laboratory, the Horticulture Station, the Agriculture Engineering/Agronomy Farm, and several Research and Demonstration Farms located around the state. Furthermore, the Department houses the Plant and Insect Diagnostic Clinic, the Iowa Soybean Research Center, the Insect Zoo, and BugGuide. Several USDA-ARS scientists are also affiliated with the Department.
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Phytophthora stem and root rot (PSRR) of soybean, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora sojae, is prevalent in Iowa and Nebraska. Reducing losses to PSRR primarily relies on growing cultivars with specific resistance (Rps) genes. Predominant genes used in commercial soybean cultivars include Rps 1a, Rps 1c, Rps 1k, and Rps 3a. Knowing which Rps gene to deploy depends on knowledge of which genes are effective against the pathogen. From 2016 to 2018, 326 isolates of P. sojae from were recovered from fields in Iowa and Nebraska and classified into pathotypes based on their virulence on 15 soybean genotypes. A total of 15 and 10 pathotypes were identified in Iowa and Nebraska, respectively. Almost all isolates were virulent on Rps 1a, while over 70% of isolates were virulent on Rps 1c and Rps 1k. Only 2.3% of isolates from Iowa were virulent on Rps 3a. Among commercial soybean cultivars tested in the Illinois Soybean Variety trials from 2010 to 2020, Rps 1c was always the most frequently reported gene followed by Rps 1k. In contrast, Rps 1a and Rps 3a were present in less than 10% and less than 5 % of the cultivars tested, respectively. Since many of the P. sojae isolates in our study were virulent on Rps 1a, Rps 1c, and Rps 1k, soybean cultivars with these genes are unlikely to provide protection against PSRR unless they have a high level of partial resistance.
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This is a manuscript of an article published as Matthiesen, Rashelle L., Clarice Schmidt, Vinicius C. Garnica, Loren J. Giesler, and Alison E. Robertson. "Comparison of Phytophthora sojae populations in Iowa and Nebraska to identify effective Rps genes for Phytophthora stem and root rot management." Plant Health Progress 22 (2021): 300-308. doi:10.1094/PHP-02-21-0016-FI. Posted with permission.
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