The Model of Developmental Adaptation: Implications for Understanding Well-Being in Old-Old Age
Is Version Of
This chapter introduces the model of developmental adaptation, an extension of the adaptation model used in the Georgia Centenarian Study. The focus of this model is to combine distal experiences and past achievements as important predictors of well-being and adaptation in later life. Modeling results suggest that distal events have a direct effect on adaptation, proximal events have a direct effect on adaptation, and that the effect of distal variables on adaptation is mediated by proximal resources. Illustrations of the developmental adaptation model will be given. For example, results suggest that education and life-time negative events (as distal variables) predict mental health with competence (a proximal resource) as a mediator. The implications for understanding well-being in old-old age will be discussed.
This book chapter is published as Martin, P., Deshpande-Kamat, N., Poon, L. W., & Johnson, M. A. (2011). The model of developmental adaptation: Implications for understanding well-being in old-old age. In L. W. Poon & J. Cohen-Mansfield (Eds.), Understanding the well-being of the oldest old (pp. 65-78). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511920974.006. Posted with permission.